Page 3652

3652 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.

two and three hundred cannons. The

objects of the great campaign seemed in

a fair way to be realized, and the progress

of the Austrian offensive aroused grave

apprehensions in Rome and the other

Allied capitals.

At this critical moment, the Russians

once more came forward to relieve their

hard pressed Allies in the west. Back

in March, the Russians had attacked

the Germans vigorously along the front

from the Pinsk Marshes to the Baltic Sea,

with the object of relieving the pressure

upon Verdun, and had lost many thousands

of men without gaining any considerable

advantages. They now aimed their blow

at the Teutonic forces in Galicia and

Volhynia. The offensive-was planned and

directed-by an officer of much ability,

General Brussilov.

Circumstances favored the Russian attack. In preparing for the drive in the

Trentino, the Austrians had drawn heavily

from their Eastern Front for men and guns

and had dangerously weakened their forces

in that region. It would seem that the belief

in Teutonic councils was that the Russians

had been so weakened by their defeats

of the previous years as to be incapable of

launching a formidable offensive. How

mistaken this view was, events were soon

to show.

On the 2d and 3d of June, the Russian

guns heavily bombarded much of the

whole southern half of the Eastern Front,

and so great was the activity that the

Austrian official statement said: "Everywhere there are signs of an impending

infantry attack." On the next day, the

Russians dashed forward furiously along a

front of three hundred miles. Before doing so

they resorted to a stratagem. At an

appointed moment their guns ceased firing,

and the Austrian reserves, thinking that

the assault was about to begin, hurried

to the front lines, whereupon the Muscovite

guns reopened fire and inflicted great

carnage among the crowded ranks of the