Page 3630

3630 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.

in fulfilling the terms of her treaty with

Servia, that Servia had been conceded

certain special rights in Salonica, and that

under the circumstances the Allied troops

had no intention of retiring. King Constantine undoubtedly disliked their presence, but, as the great mass of his people

were pro-Ally and as the Allied fleet held

the Greek coasts and islands at their

mercy, he could do nothing more than

protest. Relations became very strained,

but, under pressure, the new Greek Premier, Stephanos Skouloudis, announced an

attitude of "very benevolent neutrality"

toward the Entente Powers. For a time

there seemed some likelihood of a rebellion

against Constantine, but temporarily the

people acquiesced in the situation. The

Chamber of Deputies was dissolved and

at the election on December 19, as the followers of Venizelos refrained from voting,

the existing Government remained in

power. The Central Powers were by no

means satisfied with a state of affairs

that left the Allies in possession of Salonica,

but they felt that it would be safer not

to push their protests to Greece too vigorously, lest it might precipitate a situation

that would result in Greece aligning itself

with the Entente. On the other hand,

the Allies brought enough pressure to

bear upon the King to make him afraid

openly to throw in his lot with his brother-in-law.

Meanwhile the Bulgarians and Teutons

rapidly pushed the Servians out of their

own country, capturing many of their

cannon and thousands of prisoners. Aged

and feeble King Peter presently left the

fragments of his army in the hands of the

Crown Prince and fled to Italy, ultimately

taking refuge on the Greek Island of Corfu

in a palace belonging to the German Kaiser.

Little Montenegro, whose total population was less than that of the city of

Detroit, fought with the desperation she

had shown in the centuries of battle with

the Turks, and for weeks, amid her mountain fastnesses, managed to hold the Austrians in check, inflicting great losses.

The world generally expected that Italy

would send forces across the Adriatic to

assist King Nicholas, who was the father-in-law of the King of Italy; but Italy,

for reasons that were not generally understood, contented herself with sending

more troops to Avlona, which she had

occupied the year before, and ultimately

to Durrazo. The overwhelming numbers of

the Austrians sufficed to overrun Montenegro. King Nicholas took refuge in

Italy and later in France; some of the

Montenegrins gave up the struggle; the

rest fled southward into Albania.

The turbulent people of this mountainous country were divided in their sympathies. Some took the part of the Central

Powers, and Prince William of Wied once

more appeared in Albania in behalf of

these powers; others, under the leadership of a Turk, Essad Pasha, declared

for the Entente. Gradually the Servians,

Montenegrins and their supporters were

driven toward the Adriatic. Durrazo was

captured by the Austrians in February,

1916, but the region further south still

remained in the hands of the Allies.

As their armies had fallen back, millions

of Servians and later many Montenegrins,