3629 THE TWENTIETH CENTURY- THE GREAT WAR.
Germany to the Turkish capital. The
opening of these highways between Turkey
and Bulgaria and their Teutonic allies was
joyfully celebrated, and there was reason
for such celebration. The failure of the
attempt upon the Dardanelles was now
certain; Turkey, which had been almost
at the last gasp, was given a new lease
of life; and discouragement and discontent
settled like apall over every Allied country.
Magnificent visions rose before the
eyes of the victorious Teutons. The railroad from Berlin to Bagdad was to become
a reality. Oriental trade was to take the
place of that cut off by the blockade.
Persia was to be overrun, India conquered,
and the Suez Canal, which it was fondly
believed was the "Achilles heel of Britain,"
was to be seized. Enthusiasm for the
Suez venture was particularly strong,
for, ignoring the Cape of Good Hope
route, many Germans believed that if
the canal could be captured, Great Britain
would be cut off from her colonies. The
better informed discounted these advantages, but knew that Turkish and German
victory at Suez would open the road to
Egypt, Tripoli, Tunis, Algeria, and Morocco,
would strike a tremendous blow to British
prestige, and might make the "Holy War"
But Persia and India were a long way
off, the Suez Canal was not yet taken, and
time would show how many of these golden
visions were to prove mere empty dreams.
The French and British at Salonica
were not only hampered by lack of numbers
but by uncertainty about the attitude
of Greece. The moment that Venizelos
resigned and Greece declared her intention
to remain neutral, the position of the
Allied troops on Greek soil became anomalous. The Teutonic Powers at once announced to the world that the Allies were
doing in Greece what they had condemned
the Germans for doing in Belgium violating the territory of a neutral. The
Allies retorted that their troops had landed
on Greek soil at the request of the head
of the Greek Government, to assist Greece