Page 3629

3629 THE TWENTIETH CENTURY- THE GREAT WAR.

Germany to the Turkish capital. The

opening of these highways between Turkey

and Bulgaria and their Teutonic allies was

joyfully celebrated, and there was reason

for such celebration. The failure of the

attempt upon the Dardanelles was now

certain; Turkey, which had been almost

at the last gasp, was given a new lease

of life; and discouragement and discontent

settled like apall over every Allied country.

Magnificent visions rose before the

eyes of the victorious Teutons. The railroad from Berlin to Bagdad was to become

a reality. Oriental trade was to take the

place of that cut off by the blockade.

Persia was to be overrun, India conquered,

and the Suez Canal, which it was fondly

believed was the "Achilles heel of Britain,"

was to be seized. Enthusiasm for the

Suez venture was particularly strong,

for, ignoring the Cape of Good Hope

route, many Germans believed that if

the canal could be captured, Great Britain

would be cut off from her colonies. The

better informed discounted these advantages, but knew that Turkish and German

victory at Suez would open the road to

Egypt, Tripoli, Tunis, Algeria, and Morocco,

would strike a tremendous blow to British

prestige, and might make the "Holy War"

a reality.

But Persia and India were a long way

off, the Suez Canal was not yet taken, and

time would show how many of these golden

visions were to prove mere empty dreams.

The French and British at Salonica

were not only hampered by lack of numbers

but by uncertainty about the attitude

of Greece. The moment that Venizelos

resigned and Greece declared her intention

to remain neutral, the position of the

Allied troops on Greek soil became anomalous. The Teutonic Powers at once announced to the world that the Allies were

doing in Greece what they had condemned

the Germans for doing in Belgium violating the territory of a neutral. The

Allies retorted that their troops had landed

on Greek soil at the request of the head

of the Greek Government, to assist Greece