Page 3619


But Russia stubbornly refused even to

consider such offers. With a practically

inexhaustible supply of men, with munitions

from her own reorganized and expanded

factories and from Japan and elsewhere,

with British gold to eke out her finances,

Russia set herself seriously to the task of

preparing for new and vaster campaigns.

And hardly were the Teutons done congratulating themselves over their victories

before the Cossack was again thundering at

their eastern gateways.

The Teutonic victories in Russia made a

great impression in many parts of European impression from which the Central

Powers were able to reap large benefits.

Whatever may have been Roumania's

intentions before the beginning of the great

"Drive," she was now content to remain for

a while a passive spectator. Bulgaria and

Greece were profoundly impressed with the

spectacle of Teutonic might and also by

the contrast of British and French failure

at the Dardanelles. The latter imitated

the course of Roumania, while the wily

King of Bulgaria decided that he at last

knew who would win the war and felt

it safe to throw off the mask. The course

of the Russian campaign was therefore

to have a profound influence upon Balkan

and Turkish history.

The cause of the temporary Russian

collapse was the inability of Russia's

allies to make any effective diversion in

her behalf. Attacked by three enemies Germany, Austria-Hungary and Turkey the Muscovites found the task beyond their

strength, and it will doubtless be the

verdict that they escaped from the trying

ordeal comparatively lightly.

One result of the great campaign along

the Eastern Front was to add more millions

to the suffering non-combatants, of whom

there were so many in this great war. War

had destroyed hundreds of villages and

thousands of farmhouses in Poland and

Courland, while the retreating Russians

adopted the same course they had adopted