3619 THE TWENTIETH CENTURY-THE GREAT WAR.
But Russia stubbornly refused even to
consider such offers. With a practically
inexhaustible supply of men, with munitions
from her own reorganized and expanded
factories and from Japan and elsewhere,
with British gold to eke out her finances,
Russia set herself seriously to the task of
preparing for new and vaster campaigns.
And hardly were the Teutons done congratulating themselves over their victories
before the Cossack was again thundering at
their eastern gateways.
The Teutonic victories in Russia made a
great impression in many parts of European impression from which the Central
Powers were able to reap large benefits.
Whatever may have been Roumania's
intentions before the beginning of the great
"Drive," she was now content to remain for
a while a passive spectator. Bulgaria and
Greece were profoundly impressed with the
spectacle of Teutonic might and also by
the contrast of British and French failure
at the Dardanelles. The latter imitated
the course of Roumania, while the wily
King of Bulgaria decided that he at last
knew who would win the war and felt
it safe to throw off the mask. The course
of the Russian campaign was therefore
to have a profound influence upon Balkan
and Turkish history.
The cause of the temporary Russian
collapse was the inability of Russia's
allies to make any effective diversion in
her behalf. Attacked by three enemies Germany, Austria-Hungary and Turkey the Muscovites found the task beyond their
strength, and it will doubtless be the
verdict that they escaped from the trying
ordeal comparatively lightly.
One result of the great campaign along
the Eastern Front was to add more millions
to the suffering non-combatants, of whom
there were so many in this great war. War
had destroyed hundreds of villages and
thousands of farmhouses in Poland and
Courland, while the retreating Russians
adopted the same course they had adopted