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the continuity of the Russian line. Lemberg fell three weeks after Przemysl, and

by the 1st of July, only a small slice of

eastern Galicia still remained in Russian

hands. The Russian losses were numbered

by hundreds of thousands, and the shortage

of rifles was so great that reserves stood

waiting to take the weapons that fell from

the hands of the killed and wounded,

while it was said that some regiments were

armed only with iron clubs.

The Russians fought courageously, but

they were outnumbered and were helpless

against the overwhelming superiority of

the Teutons in artillery and shells. The

Russians would take up a position, and

presently the enemy would appear and

with scores of great howitzers would proceed to blast the Russian trenches out of

the ground. The Russians had comparatively few cannon, and the shortage of

shells was so great that no effective reply

could be made to the bombardment.

Ultimately the Russians would either

retire or would be driven out by infantry

charges, and would take up new positions

further back, where again the process would

be repeated. Here, even more than in

France, it was demonstrated that infantry,

no matter how excellent, is virtually helpless against an enemy that has a great

preponderance in artillery.

Behind the victorious armies followed

Kaiser Wilhelm, bestowing promotions, iron

crosses and other honors with a lavish

hand. Germany and Austria-Hungary were

aflame with the great news, and every

few days a holiday would be declared to

celebrate some new victory.

To relieve the pressure upon the Russians, the French made their attack upon

the "Labyrinth" and other German works

about Arras, while the British attempted

an offensive about Ypres. But neither

power was able dangerously to threaten

the German lines along the Western Front

and thereby to compel the enemy to weaken

the forces that were being thrown against