Page 3607

3607 THE TWENTIETH CENTURY-THE GREAT WAR,

Cavell's body was borne with tender

reverence to England. A touching memorial service, attended by many of the

most celebrated people of the nation, was

held in Westminster Abbey, and all that

was mortal of the heroic nurse was finally

laid to rest in English soil. Memorials

in her honor were established in many

places, but perhaps the finest tribute of

all was the naming of a peak in Jasper

Park in the Canadian Rockies after her.

The rugged rocks of this splendid mountain

typify her courageous spirit, while the

perpetual snow upon the summit symbolizes her purity.

Another case which aroused widespread

resentment in England and also in neutral

countries was that of Captain Charles

Fryatt, master of the Great Eastern

Railway's steamer Brussels. In March,

1915, the German submarine U-33 attacked Fryatt's ship, but he defeated

the submarine by putting on full speed

ahead and attempting to ram his assailant.

The submarine narrowly escaped destruction, being forced to dive and to give up

the attack. For this act Fryatt, his first

officer, and the chief engineer received

gold watches from the British Admiralty,

and Fryatt's bravery was mentioned with

praise in the House of Commons.

In June, 1916, Captain Fryatt was

captured by a German warship and taken

to Zeebrugge. His captors discovered

the watch and brought him before a

German court-martial at Bruges. The

British Government energetically protested

through the American Ambassador at Berlin, but Fryatt was condemned to death as

franc-tireur and was executed.

His execution was undoubtedly designed

to strike terror into the hearts of other

Allied merchant ship captains and to

prevent their imitating Fryatt's courageous

behavior. In reality Captain Fryatt

had been acting well within his rights

under international law, and this new

example of German frightfulness was

condemned not only by Allied naval and

military experts but also by the best

informed neutral international lawyers.

In a statement in Parliament, Premier

Asquith said that it appeared to be certain

that Captain Fryatt had been "murdered

by the Germans" and he announced that

the British Government was resolved

that such a crime, if they could help it,

should not go unpunished. "When the

time arrives they are determined to bring

them (the culprits) to justice, whoever

they may be and whatever their station."

As has been said before, German "frightfulness" was a calculated policy designed

to break down the morale of their enemies.

The Allies, of course, resorted to all sorts

of expedients to maintain the spirit of

their peoples. The specter of German

domination was constantly held up before

the people; all kinds of appeals 'were made

to their patriotism. In France, undoubtedly, one of the strongest factors in keeping

the people up with their desperate work

was the famous French song, the Marseillaise. It was sung and played under

all kinds of circumstances and by all kinds

of people, by soldiers and civilians, by

women and children, but its singing by