Page 3566

3566 UNIVERSAL HISTORYTHE MODERN WORLD.

aside and announced her neutrality. Her

reasons for doing so were thus summarized

by a semi-official newspaper, the Corriere

della Sera, of Milan:

"1. The terms of the Triple Alliance

call for Italy's participation in war only

if Germany or Austria-Hungary is attacked

by another power. The present war is

not a defensive war, but brought on by

Austria-Hungary and Germany.

"2. The spirit of the alliance demands

that no warlike action be taken involving

the three countries without full mutual

discussion and agreement. Italy was not

even consulted by Austria-Hungary, and

the course of events was brought to her

knowledge only by news agency reports.

"3. When Italy went to war with

Turkey, Austria prevented her from acting

with a free hand in the Adriatic and the

AEgean, thereby prolonging the war at

an enormous cost in men and money to

Italy. Italy would be justified in acting

in precisely the same manner now toward

Austria-Hungary."

As already set forth, ex-Premier Giolitti

later disclosed that in 1913 Austria had

wished to assist Bulgaria to crush Servia,

but was held back by Italy's refusal to

engage in such a war. Furthermore,

the Italians contrasted the attitude of

Austria in the war with Turkey with that

of England, who had refused to permit

Turkish troops to cross Egypt in order to

strike the Italians in Tripoli.

The Central Powers were, of course,

displeased by Italy's action, and not

least of all because she persisted in asserting

that they were responsible for the war.

They at once began a campaign to influence

public opinion in their behalf. The Allies

began a counter campaign, and thus

for months Italy was a battleground of

conflicting ideas. The people themselves

were not agreed; some were for continued

neutrality, some wished to assist the