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marked; but as the process goes slowly on, it

develops into the most terrible agony, the

feet swell and burst, and not infrequently,

after being submitted to this treatment,

they have to be amputated. The gendarmes would bastinado their Armenian

victim until he fainted; they would then

revive him by sprinkling water on his face

and begin again. If this did not succeed

in bringing their victim to terms, they

had numerous other methods of persuasion.

They would pull out his eyebrows and

beard almost hair by hair; they would

extract his finger nails and toe nails; they

would apply red-hot irons to his breast, tear

off his flesh with red-hot pincers, and then

pour boiling butter into the wounds. In

some cases the gendarmes would nail hands

and feet to pieces of wood-evidently in imitation of the Crucifixion, and then while the

sufferer writhed in his agony, they would cry:

Now let your Christ come and help you!' "

One Turkish official, namely Djevdet

Bey, Vali of Van and brother-in-law of

Enver, won great fame for a new torment

which he originated. The connoisseur

in torture nailed horseshoes to the feet

of his victims and became widely known

as "the horseshoer of Bashkale."

In the pages of ancient history we used

to read of the Babylonians or Assyrians

carrying into captivity such and such

a people or tribe, but we could hardly

grasp the meaning of such statements.

Even when we saw the process portrayed

with grim realism on the conqueror's basreliefs, our imagination failed to give us

a true idea of the horrors of such an event.

"But now we know. It has happened in

our world, and the Assyrian's work was

not so fiendish as the Turks."

In some places the Armenians resisted

with the courage of despair, and here and

there, despite lack of proper weapons,