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orders which they had received, they hunted out all the Christians, gathered them

together, and drove a great crowd of them

down the streets of Trebizond, past the

fortress, to the edge of the sea. There they

were all put on board sailing boats, carried

out some distance on the Black Sea, and

there thrown overboard and drowned.

Nearly the whole Armenian population

of from 8,000 to 10,000 were destroyed some in this way, some by slaughter, some

by being sent to death elsewhere. After

that, any other story becomes credible;

and I am sorry to say that all the stories

that I have received contain similar elements of horror, intensified In some cases

by stories of shocking torture. But the

most pitiable case is not that of those

whose misery was ended by swift death, but

of those unfortunate women who, after

their husbands had been killed and their

daughters violated, were driven out with

their young children to perish in the desert-where they have no sustenance, and

where they are the victims of the wild Arab

tribes around them. It would seem that

three-fourths or four-fifths of the whole

nation had been wiped out, and there is no

case in history, certainly not since the

time of Tamerlane, in which any crime so

hideous and upon so large a scale has been


To some of the Armenian women a loophole of escape was offered, namely, that. of

apostasy from their faith. "The condition laid down was their immediate

entrance into the harem of a Turk.

Life at the price of honor-most of

them seem to have rejected it; and yet,

if they had known all that lay before

them, they might have judged it the

better part. As it was, they clutched

at the desperate chance of immunity,

and presented themselves for the

march-playing too unsuspectingly

into their conductors' hands. For the

gaol-bred gendarmes had no intention

of conducting the caravan intact to

its destination."

Some of the women and girls were

sold into shame before the marches

began. The rest were at the mercy of

their captors on the journey, and some

were sold along the way. The captives were so numerous that the price

for even a young and handsome girl

was low. One Moslem stated that

a gendarme offered to sell him two

girls for a medjidieh, a coin worth

about eighty cents. Many were carried to Constantinople and other large

cities, and were sold into harems or

public resorts of vice. And these were

Christian girls and women, of the white

race, condemned to be the slaves and toys

of brutal Turks.

The Turks exercised all their ingenuity in

devising forms of torture for their victims.

"A common practice was to place the prisoner in a room, with two Turks stationed at

each end and each side. The examination

would then begin with the bastinado. This

is a form of torture not uncommon in the

Orient; it consists of beating the soles of the

feet with a thin rod. At first the pain is not