Page 3550

3550 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.

bullets. The Turks came on gallantly,

but were unable to face the terrific fire

from the warships and from the troops

on shore, and had to retreat. Meanwhile,

the Australasians had been digging themselves in, and by the close of the day

were reasonably safe from attack in this

section, which came to be known as

"Anzac," from the initials of "Australian New Zealand Army Corps."

Simultaneously with the landing at

Anzac, British troops were endeavoring

to get ashore at five of the beaches near

the tip of the peninsula. These troops had

great difficulties with barbed wire entanglements, and hundreds were shot

down. At one beach an attempt was

made to run a liner carrying two thousand

men close to the shore and throw them

ashore on great gangways extending from

doors that had been cut in the vessel's

side. But when the gangways were lowered,

they were enfiladed by a perfect tornado of

bullets, and on one gangway nearly all

of the 200 men upon it were shot down.

The attempt was then given up at this

place, and the vessel lay all day under rifle

and artillery fire, but when night came the

surviving troops, assisted by other landing

parties, got ashore. Aided by the fire from

the ships, the British managed during the

next few days to clear the entire tip of the

peninsula, but were presently held up by

strong works on the great hill of Achi Baba,

and were unable to gain contact with the

Anzac force or to continue their way

toward the forts along the Narrows-the objective of all these movements.

Meanwhile, the French troops had landed

on the Asiatic shore, had been unable to

hold their position, and were withdrawn

and were landed on the tip of the peninsula.

The losses of the Allies in these efforts

were large, but were probably exceeded

by those of the Turks, who had been

mercilessly pounded by the great guns