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of the Breslau to the Medilli, and some

of the German sailors wore Turkish fezzes,

but these things deceived no intelligent

persons. Talaat confessed to Morgenthau

that the cruisers did not belong to Turkey,

and von Wangenheim, in talks with Morgenthau, always called them "our" ships.

"The German officers and crews," says

Morgenthau, "greatly enjoyed this farcical

pretence that the Goeben and the Breslau

were Turkish ships. They took delight

in putting on Turkish fezzes, thereby

presenting to the world conclusive evidence

that these loyal sailors of the Kaiser were

now parts of the Sultan's navy. One

day the Goeben sailed up the Bosphorus,

halted in front of the Russian Embassy,

and dropped anchor. Then the officers

and men lined the deck in full view of the

enemy embassy. All solemnly removed

their Turkish fezzes and put on German

caps. The band played 'Deutschland uber

Alles,' the 'Watch on the Rhine,' and other

German songs, the German sailors singing loudly to the accompaniment. When

they had spent an hour or more serenading

the Russian Ambassador, the officers and

crews removed their German caps and

again put on their Turkish fezzes. The

Goeben then picked up her anchor and

started southward for her station, leaving in

the ears of the Russian diplomat the gradually dying strains of the German war songs

as the cruiser disappeared down the stream.

"I have often speculated on what would

have happened if the English battle

cruisers, which pursued the Breslau and

the Goeben up to the mouth of the Dardanelles, had not been too gentlemanly

to violate international law. Suppose they

had entered the strait, attacked the German cruisers in the Marmora, and sunk

them. They could have done this, and,

knowing all that we know now, such an

action would have been justified. Not

improbably the destruction would have