Page 3530

3530 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.

which is half again as large as Germany,

and by its natural features, particularly

the absence of water In many districts.

The South African forces were, however,

admirably fitted for such campaigning,

and despite the fact that the Germans

offered bitter resistance, even poisoning

wells with arsenic, the invaders managed in

the course of a few months to capture the

railroads and all the principal places. In

July, 1915, Governor Seitz surrendered all

his remaining forces, and resistance ceased.

This successful campaign aroused great

enthusiasm among the British. On July

13, the House of Commons passed by

acclamation a resolution of thanks to

Generals Botha and Smuts and their

forces. In moving the resolution. Premier

Asquith asked the House "to testify to

the admiration of the whole Empire for

its gratitude to the illustrious General

who has rendered such an inestimable

service to the Empire which he entered

by adoption and of which he has become

one of the most honored and cherished

sons." In South Africa there continued to

be some opposition to Botha's Government,

but in the elections, later in the year,

the friends of the British connection

retained control of the Parliament by

large majorities.

By May, 1916, there remained of all

the German overseas dominions, amounting

to over a million square miles, only a

part of the colony of East Africa. Fighting along the borders of this province

began very early in the war, the Germans

making raids into British East Africa

in vain endeavors to capture Mombasa

and to cut the railroad from. thence to

Nairobi and Victoria Nyanza. They also

attacked British posts about Lake Nyassa

and elsewhere in Rhodesia. The British

retaliated at various points, particularly

by an attack on Tanga, north of the Island

of Zanzibar, where they met with a repulse.

In July, 1915, the British destroyed the

German cruiser Konigsberg, which had

taken refuge several months before in

the Rufiji River, the main work being done

by a couple of light draft monitors sent

out for the purpose from home. Steps

were also taken to obtain command of

Lakes Nyassa, Tanganyika, and Victoria,

and, after some miniature naval engagements, this was accomplished.