Page 3491


opportune arrival of some Siberian troops

and some regiments of the Corps de la

Garde, hurried up from Ivangorod. Other

troops were sent to Warsaw, and von

Hindenburg was driven back to Silesia

and the Austrians to Cracow, while the

Russians managed once more to lay siege

to Przemysl.

It was at this time that the Battle of

Flanders was at its height. To effect a

diversion in favor of the hard pressed

French, British, and Belgians, the Russians

sent a considerable force under General

Baron Sievers into East Prussia from the

region of Suwalki and attempted an offensive elsewhere along the line. Gumbinnen

was captured in East Prussia, Russians

drew near to Cracow, Cossacks again

crossed the Carpathians, and the Austrians

were forced back in Bukowina. In view

of the fact that the Russians were compelled at this time also to meet the Turkish

menace in the Caucasus and about the

Black Sea, their activities were truly


Late in November, von Hindenburg

concentrated a large army around Thorn

and attempted a counterstroke against

Warsaw. He won initial successes over

General Rennenkampf, and practically

surrounded large Russian forces about

the town of Lodz. German dispatches

forecasted a new Tannenberg and the

removal of the Russian menace, and von

Hindenburg was created a field marshal.

But the Russians called up reinforcements,

and an army coming from the north got

in the rear of a German army north of Lodz,

cutting it off from its communications.

The Germans in turn were nearer a great

disaster than at any time up till then

during the war. So great was the peril

that von Hindenburg telegraphed to the

Western Front to send him every man that