Page 3490

3490 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.

aflame with the great news. Von Hindenburg became in a moment the hero of the

war, and his reputation was increased by

later events. In the west the German

legions were still pursuing the retiring

French and British, and the German

public confidently waited on tiptoe for

the still greater news of the fall of Paris.

Many people were confident that the war

was practically over, but the War God

willed otherwise.

Ten days more and the Germans in

the West, defeated and worn out, were

retiring before the triumphant French and

British, and the conflict in that quarter

was soon to become a warfare of spades

and trenches, with no likelihood of an

early decision. In the East the armies

were to fight many desperate engagements,

none of which, however, whatever its

outcome, could break the deadlock. By

the middle of September, the possibility of

a short war had passed. The conflict was

to be a long and bitter one, a matter

of years not of months, of money and

material resources as much as of men.

After his victory at Tannenberg, von

Hindenburg endeavored to force the Russians under Rennenkampf against the

Baltic Sea, but Rennenkampf managed

to elude the danger and retired into Russian territory and took up a position about

Suwalki. Leaving about four army corps

to hold Rennenkampf in check, von

Hindenburg transferred large forces by

rail through Prussia and Silesia to the

region of Kalisch. This forced the Russians in this region to withdraw to the

region of Ivangorod, while the Austrians,

moving forward from Cracow and elsewhere, managed to raise the siege of

Przemysl.

Von Hindenburg attacked Ivangorod

and Warsaw. The first was easily held

by the Russians, but Warsaw narrowly

escaped capture, being only saved by the