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3479 THE TWENTIETH CENTURY-THE GREAT WAR,

the Western Front, and devoted their

greatest efforts to an offensive designed

to eliminate Russia from the conflict.

One of the main questions that remained

to be solved in the west was, would the

French, aided by the slowly increasing British volunteer armies, be able ultimately to

drive the Germans out of their trenches, or

would the stalemate, which was to last for so

many months, endure till the end of the war?

What, then, were the main results of

the first four months of the war on the

Western Front? Each side had had some

failures and some successes. The Germans

had failed to capture Paris or to annihilate the armies of their enemies-even

the army of little Belgium. The grand

stroke, toward the success of which every

human and humane consideration had

been sacrificed, had failed. Yet the Germans had much to show for their efforts.

All of Belgium except a petty strip in

the southwest, and several of the chief

industrial departments of France were

in their hands. Their enemies were not

only deprived of the use of the mines

and machinery in these regions, but to

a considerable extent the Germans were

able to make use of them for themselves.

For many months the war in the west,

except for a few hundred square miles

in Alsace remaining in French hands,

could be fought on the enemy's own soil.

The attempt on Dunkirk and Calais

had failed, but the Germans held most

of the Belgian seacoast, and this would

be helpful in the submarine campaign

against the British navy and merchant

shipping.

As for the Allies, they had passed through

the fiery furnace and had come out scorched

but alive. Though suffering enormous