3448 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.
combatants with implacable severity. The
principle upon which the Germans went
was thus summarized by the Kolnische
"We all made one fundamental principle clear: for the fault of the individual
the community to which he belonged must
suffer. The village in which our troops
had been shot at by the civilian population was burned down. If the culprit was
not discovered, a few representatives were
taken out of the general population and
shot. Women and children were not
touched, except when they were found
with weapons in their hands.
"This principle may seem hard and
cruel,-it has been developed from the
customs of modern and ancient military
history, and, as far as it can be spoken
of at all, recognized. It is also justified
by the theory of setting an awful example.
The innocent must suffer with the guilty;
and, when the latter cannot be found,
they must suffer for the guilty."
Beside such a policy as this the course
of Union commanders in the South during
our Civil War, or of the British during
our Revolution, seems mild indeed.
Hundreds of pages would be required
to tell the full story of the German outrages.
We can give space to only a few of the
At the quaint Flemish town of Dinant,
on the river Mouse, a force of Germans
were beaten by a detachment of French
on the 15th of August. On the 21st, the
Germans returned, burned part of the
town, and next day drove back the French.
"On Sunday, August 23, at 6.30 A. M.,
soldiers of the 108th Regiment of Infantry invaded the Church of the Premonstratensian Fathers, drove out the
congregation, separated the women from
the men, and shot fifty of the latter.