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3448 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.

combatants with implacable severity. The

principle upon which the Germans went

was thus summarized by the Kolnische

Zeitung:

"We all made one fundamental principle clear: for the fault of the individual

the community to which he belonged must

suffer. The village in which our troops

had been shot at by the civilian population was burned down. If the culprit was

not discovered, a few representatives were

taken out of the general population and

shot. Women and children were not

touched, except when they were found

with weapons in their hands.

"This principle may seem hard and

cruel,-it has been developed from the

customs of modern and ancient military

history, and, as far as it can be spoken

of at all, recognized. It is also justified

by the theory of setting an awful example.

The innocent must suffer with the guilty;

and, when the latter cannot be found,

they must suffer for the guilty."

Beside such a policy as this the course

of Union commanders in the South during

our Civil War, or of the British during

our Revolution, seems mild indeed.

Hundreds of pages would be required

to tell the full story of the German outrages.

We can give space to only a few of the

most notable.

At the quaint Flemish town of Dinant,

on the river Mouse, a force of Germans

were beaten by a detachment of French

on the 15th of August. On the 21st, the

Germans returned, burned part of the

town, and next day drove back the French.

"On Sunday, August 23, at 6.30 A. M.,

soldiers of the 108th Regiment of Infantry invaded the Church of the Premonstratensian Fathers, drove out the

congregation, separated the women from

the men, and shot fifty of the latter.