Page 3444

3444 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.

by reinforcements, and the army thus

formed was drawn up with its right wing

extending toward Namur, its center resting

in the region about Tirlemont, and its

left extending northward in front of Aerschot. From about the 10th of August

onward, numerous engagements were

fought in this region with the screen of

German cavalry, popularly known as

Uhlans, though this name in its strictest

sense is used to designate only one type

of mounted troops; and also with other

advanced German forces.

On the 10th, the Belgians won a handsome victory at Haelen over a considerable

force; and in the next few days, held their

own at Eghezee, Landen, Waremme, and

Diest. But the 'Belgians had only been

fighting the advance fringe of the German

hosts. When the main bodies of these

hosts began to come up, retreat was inevitable. The crisis came just when the

right wing in southern Belgium was beginning to come into touch with French

forces marching up from the south, but

before these forces were strong enough

to warrant a real stand. It had already

been decided that the Belgians should

not retreat into France but should withdraw northwestward into the great fortified

city of Antwerp. Leaving a garrison of

about 26,000 men in Namur, the main

Belgian army fell back past Brussels,

fighting rear-guard actions as it retreated

toward the selected refuge.

On the 20th, the German tide swept

into Brussels, which had surrendered without a struggle, and on which an enormous

fine of $40,000,000 was levied. A celebrated American war correspondent and

novelist, Richard Harding Davis, has given

us a vivid picture of the entry. Along the