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respects to that which had existed in Italy,

with Servia aspiring to play the part formerly taken by the Kingdom of Sardinia.

As early as 1908, fifty-three persons

had been prosecuted for high treason in

Croatia, the charge being that they had

conspired to separate Croatia, Slavonia,

and Bosnia from Austria-Hungary and

unite them with Servia. Thirty-one received prison terms, though two years later

the sentence was reversed by a higher

court. Meanwhile Croatia was in a ferment, the constitution was suspended

in 1912 by the Ban,

or Governor, and a

student shot at the

Ban while riding in

an automobile in the

streets of Agram, but

missed him and killed

instead the Director

of Education, who

was in the car. The

agitation extended to

Bosnia and Herzegovina. Hungarian

flags were burned as

a sign of sympathy

with the Croats, and

the Diet passed a

resolution of sympathy. The blame

for such manifestations was, of course,

laid at Servia's door;

and, in the opinion

of Professor Hart, of

Harvard, ''all the circumstances point to

the certainty that

the Magyar statesmen informed the

German statesmen

who were carrying on

the monarchy in Vienna that unless

something were done,

the Trans-Leithian

part of the Empire

would crack in


The time had now

come for the beginning of the tragedy.

Toward the end of

June, 1914, Archduke Francis Ferdinand,

nephew of the Emperor and heir apparent

to the Hapsburg throne, left Vienna to

attend the military maneuvers in Bosnia.