Page 3400

3400 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.

strive to bring it about. . . .There is no real

issue to-day anywhere between Germany

and the powers of the Triple Entente

which could be said to make war unavoidable. But that is exactly where the tragedy comes in for those who are inciting

the people to war, and here we also find

an explanation for the increased agitation

in which they are at present engaged-I mean in the fact that they can not show

any real pointt of conflict based on the actual state of international politics. As a

matter of fact, if Germany is in any danger

to-day, it comes from within rather than

from without. The Balkan War, it is true,

seemed at last to provide those who are in

favor of war with the longed-for opportunity to strike. But now they are all

the more disappointed that even this opportunity, which seemed to promise the

last great issue in European politics, has

apparently passed in peace. And in the

absence of any real causes of war, of any

natural sources of political antagonism

against the other States of Europe, they

now find themselves compelled to create

artificial causes. But this can only be

done by manufacturing excitement among

the population, by stirring up nationalistic feeling and by the systematic cultivation of a warlike spirit--tasks which

are being sedulously attended to by our

war-loving generals in the Pan-German

League, the Defense Association (Wehrverein) and similar organizations."

Gradually the German people were

worked into a state of frenzy. "There is

a smell in the air as of blood, and no one

can know when and where the torch of

war is going to flare up," ran the report of

a meeting of a Pan-German League, published late in 1913. The glory and need

of war had become a Teutonic obsession.

Only a suitable occasion was lacking,

and the hour of doom was hard at

hand.

Of the royal family, the Crown Prince

was considered the firebrand. "It is only

by relying on our good German sword

that we can hope to conquer that place

in the sun which rightly belongs to us,

and which no one will yield to us voluntarily," he declared in 1913. He made no

secret of his desire to lead German troops

in battle. He was an admirer of Napoleon

and dreamed of imitating him in wars of

conquest. Ambassador Gerard says that

on one occasion the Prince showed his collection of Napoleana to a beautiful American woman who had sought to convince

him of the unprofitableness of war. He

then told her that "Whether war was profitable or not, when he came to the throne

there would be war, if not before, just for

the fun of it. On a previous occasion he

had said that the plan was to attack and

conquer France, then England, and after

that my country (the. United States of

America); Russia was also to be conquered,

and Germany would be master of the

world."

At times, the Kaiser posed as a friend

of peace, and by some Pan-Germans was

regarded as an obstacle in the way of

realizing their program. But he was merely

biding his time. With great craft he was