X CONTENTS OF VOLUME IV.
Queen.The London Mob.James leaves the King-
dom.A Bloodless Revolution.Revival of London.
Milton and Bunyan.Butler and Pepys.Dryden
and Boyle. .......:...... 1836-1851
CHAPTER CIX.WILLIAM III. AND LOUIS XIV.
Nature of the Period.Mazarin and the Boy Louis.
The Latter asserts Himself.He takes the Field.
Marries Princess Maria Theresa.The King takes the
Government upon Himself.Colbert.Difficulty of
French and Spanish Ambassadors."Spain humbled.
L'Etat c'est Moi.Absolutism of Louis XIV.Antagon-
ism of the King and William of Orange.Claim of the
Latter to the English Throne.The Crown given to
William and Mary.Their Characters.The Bill of
Rights. The English dissatisfied. The Uncourtly
William.Defeat of the Highlanders.Revolt in Ire-
land.War in that Country.Battle of the Boyne.
Duke of Mariborough in Command.The Catholic
Exodus.The Scotch reject Episcopacy.McDonald
of Glencoe.Massacre of the Clan.Affairs on the
Continent.Great Power of Louis.Turenne and Con-
de.Peace concluded.Splendor of Louis and his Court.
Madame de Maintenon.Aggressions of the French
King.TheTurkish Invasion.Sobieski repelstheOtto-
mans.Louis poses as the Grand Monarch.Revoca-
tion of the Edict of Nantes.Ascendency ofLouvois.
Persecution of the Huguenots.Horrors of the Dragon-
ade.League against France.Louis espouses the Cause
of the Jacobites.King William in Holland.Battle of
La Hogue.Naval Engagements of 1693.Crisis of
Louvain. Battle of Marsaglia. France well-nigh
ruined.Plot of Louis and Leopold.Attitude of Wil-
liam III.Siege of Namur.Treaty of Ryswick.
Distress of Spain.Charles of Austria and Philip of
Anjou.Who shall have the Spanish Crown?Bequest
to the Prince of Bavaria.Arrangements of France and
England.Duplicity of Louis.The Beaten Monarchs.
Philip acknowledged.Arrogance of the French King.
:Outbreak of the War of the Spanish Succession.
Prince Eugene beats the French.League-against
Louis.The Latter recognizes the Pretender.Queen
Mary dies.William III. follows.Sketch of Queen
Anne.She adopts the Policy of her Predecessor.
Churchill at the Hague.First Campaigns of the War.
Battle of Blenheim.Charles III. in the Peninsula.
Joseph 1. becomes Emperor.Flight of Philip V.
Revolts against Charles.Louis proposes Peace.
Haughtiness of the Allies.English Reverses.The
Pretender in Scotland.Battles of 1708.The Terrible
Winter.Campaigns of 1709.Philip V. regains the
Throne.The Death of Joseph changes the Problem.
Charles becomes Emperor.Fatality in the Family
of Louis.Treaty of Utrecht.Terms of the Settle-
ment.Accession of the House of Hanover.Old Age
of Louis.Advice to his Great-grandson.The Age ol
the Grand Monarch considered.^Supposed Literary
Glory.His Paternal System applied to Authors and
Artists.That System a Failure . . . . . 1851-1881
CHAPTER CX.CZAR PETER AND CHARLES XII.
Who shall be Master of the North?Accession of the
House of Romanoff.Ivan and Feodor.Michael and
Alexis.Feodor III.Accession of Peter 1.Sketch of
his Youth.Force of his Administration.Enters the
Navy.Resides in Holland.His Studies in that Coun-
try and England.He begins his Reforms.Makes
Alliances.Course of Events in Sweden.Youth of
Charles XII.He begins badly.Is aroused to Action.
Joins Frederick of Holstein.Conquers Denmark.
-Peter at Narva.Charles raises the Siege.Defeats
the Poles.Venus in his Camp.Rally of Peter.
' Battle of Fraustadt.-Double-dealing of Augustus.
The Emperor and Mariborough.Charles invades Rus-
sia.-Turns into the Ukraine.-Battle of Poltava.
Charles at Bender.The S,ultan joins him.Catharine
bribes the Turk.Intrigues of Charles at Constanti-
nople.He is ordered out of the Turkish Dominions.
Scenes at Bender.Plans of the King.He returns to
Sweden.-Defends Stralsund.Makes a Second Starid.
Schemes of Baron Gortz.His Plan divulged.
Death of Charles XII.Comments on his Career.
Methods and Character of .Peter.St. Petersburg
founded.Marriages of the Czar.Treaty of Nystad.
Peter as a Civilizer His Death . . . . 1882-1896
CHAPTER CXI.-PROGRESS OF THE AMERICAN COLONIES.
New France, or Canada.Hardships of the Pilgrims.
Their Relations with the Indians.Samoset and
Squanto.Treaty with Massasoit.Standish and the
Natives.A .Bad Summer.New Settlements.The
Indians Friendly.Cape Ann and Salem.Develop-
ment of Massachusetts Bay.Winthrop Governor.
Boston Founded.The Ballot-box introduced.-Peters
and Vane.Colonies at Concord and on the Connecti-
cut.Career of Anne Hutchinson.Founding of Har-
vard College.The Printing-press.Growth of New
England.The Union.The Puritans favor the Com-
monwealth.-The Protector's Friendship.-Coming of
the Quakers.They are persecuted.The Regicides in
America.Commissioners sent to New England.
Philip's War.Consolidation, of the Colonies under
Andros.Wars.-History of the Salem Witchcraft.
Expedition against Port Royal.Subsequent History
of Massachusetts.The Dutch on Manhattan Island.
Beginning of Civil Government.The Charter of Privi-
leges.The Patroons' Estates.Swedish Colony on the
Delaware. Stuyvesant Governor. Patents of the