IX CONTENTS OF VOLUME IV.
of the King.Ascendency of Cecil.Conspiracy in
Favor of Arabella.Protestantism of James.History
of the Gunpowder Plot.Details of the Scheme.Guy
Fawkes.The Conspirators uncovered.They are exe-
cuted. Nature of the Union. Administration of
James.Story ofCarr.Death of Cecil.End of Wal-
ter Raleigh.Career and Work of Francis Bacon.The
Great Trial.James, a Man of Peace.Marriage Proj-
ects.Henrietta Maria and Prince Charles.The
Bohemian War.Death of James.Translation of the
Bible.Betterment of Ireland.Character of Charles 1.
Buckingham and the Queen.Impracticality of the
Stuarts.Charles would reduce the House of Commons.
War with France.Assassination of Buckingham.
Ascendency ofStrafford andLaud.Parliamentrefuses
Supplies.Sketch of the Star Chamber.Charles would
use this Court.Tonnage and Poundage Scheme.The
King a Thorough Protestant.The League and Cove-
nant.Revolt of the Men of the North.Parliament
convened.Bad Humor of that Body.Battle of New-
burn.Puritanism in the House.Attack on Strafford.
Bill of Attainder passed.Dilemma of the King.
Execution of Strafford.Fall of Laud.Defiant Acts of
Parliament.Charles in Scotland.Rebellion in Ire-
land.Action of the Commons.The Anti-Stuart
Party.Episcopacy and the State.Portents of Civil
CHAPTER CVII.CIVIL WAR AND COMMONWEALTH.
Parliament becomes Puritan.Life of John Hamp-
den.Early Years of Oliver Cromwell.He appears in
Parliament.Warwick's Sketch.Career of Sir Henry
Vane.Other Leaders.Charles would arrest the Mem-
bers.Outbreak of Civil War.Party Names.Philo-
sophical Divisions.The Legal-Reform Party.-The
Political-Revolutionary Party.Guizot's Outline.
Episcopacy supports the King.Presbyterians with
the Politico-Revolutionists.Independents with the
Levelers.Commanders on Both Sides.The King at
Nottingham.Nobility lends its Resources.Battle of
Edgehill.Siege of Reading.Successes of the Royal-
ists.Character of the Recruits.Popular Sympathy
with the Republicans.Gains of the Puritan Cause.
Parliament leagues with the Scots.Campaigns of
1643.Battle of Marston Moor.Rout of the Royal-
ists.Good Qualities of the King.Ruin of his Cause
at Naseby.Charles at Oxford.Arrogance of the Revo-
lution.Radicalism in Parliament.Ascendency of
Cromwell.Progress of the Republicans in the Field.
Charles delivers Himself to the Scots.Who sell him to
Parliament.His Rash Letter.He is taken to Triplow
Heath.End of Moderation.The King at Hampden
Court.He attempts to escape.His Imprisonment.
He meets the Commissioners.Cromwell expurgates
the House.Charles taken to Windsor.His Trial.
He is condemned and executed.Establishment of the
Commonwealth.Alarm occasioned by the King's
Death.Cromwell stamps out the Irish Rebellion.He
goes against the Scots.-That People support Prince
Charles.Battle of Dunbar.Recklessness of
Young Charles.Storming of Worcester.The Prince
escapes to France.-Prostration of his Cause.Foreign
Relations of the Commonwealth.Warwith the Dutch.
Second Purgation of Parliament.Cromwell's Will
Supreme.His New Parliament.Projects and Char
acter of the House.Establishment of the Protectorate.
The New Frame of Government.Arbitrary Rule.
Plots of Oliver's Enemies.Rigor and Virtue of the
Administration.Affairs in Ireland.Foreign Rela-
tions of England.Opposition of the Radicals.Aboli-
tion of the Military System.Shall Oliver be King?
Troubles of the Protector.Strength of his Govern-
ment.His Death.Richard in the Protectorate.His
Weakness.The Rump Parliament.Gog and Magog.
Vain Projects.Correspondence of Monk with
Charles.Summoning of Parliament.New Writs
issued.Project of the Restoration.The Rising
Tide.Return of Charles II.Social Condition of the
Kingdom ............... 1809-1836
CHAPTER CVII 1.RESTORATION AND SECOND REVOLUTION.
No Guarantees required of the King.His Character.
His Ministry.Amnesty.-The Regicides excepted.
-Execution of Peters, Vane, and Harrison.-lnsult to
Cromwell's Remains.The Army disbanded.Act of
Uniformity passed.Failure of the Episcopal Scheme
in Scotland.Sale of Dunkirk.Collapse of Public and
Private Virtue.Puritanism to blame.The Reaction
against it.The Profligate Charles.War with Hol-
land.Battle of the Downs.Van Tromp's audacity.
The Year of Calamity.Fire and Pestilence.Clar-
endon Overthrown.Prince Rupert's Ministry.The
Cabal.Its Measures.Naval Battle with the Dutch.
The Danby Ministry.Policy of the Government.
Guizot's Review of the Situation.Comments on the
Reign of Charles IIFear of the Duke ofYork-The
Habeas Corpus Act.Titus Oates and the Popish Plot.
Popular Dislike of the King.Duke of Monmouth.
Catholic Conspiracies.The Rye House Plot.Death
of Charles.Evelyn's Sketch of his Character.James
II.His Intrigue with Rome.Monmouth's Rebellion.
He is executed.Career of Lord Jeffreys.Destruc-
tion of the Duke of Argyll.Discontent of the People.
Favor to the Catholics.Remonstrance of the Bish-
ops.Question of ..the Succession.Birth of the Pre-
tender.His Place in History.Correspondence with
Prince William.Folly of the King.Attempts Con-
ciliation in Vain.Purpose of the Prince of Orange.
He lands at Torbay.His Reception.Growth of
the Movement in his Favor.Flight of the King and