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1440 UNIVERSAL HISTORYTHE MODERN WORLD.

Monarchy rising above the ruins of Mediaeval

hope,the free cities growing great and

powerful as the conservators of public liberty, and the convex rim of the New World

seen afar in the watery horizon of the West, we pause, intending to resume, in the beginning of the following Book, the annals of

Germany, Italy, France, and England, from

the close of the thirteenth century to the discovery of America by Columbus.