Page 1400

1400 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.

still he was not ready to depart for the East.

Pope Honorius died and was succeeded by

Gregory IX., who espoused with zeal the enterprise which his predecessor had not lived to

see accomplished. Unable to urge the Emperor to go forward by any milder persuasion

His Holiness excommunicated him, and finally

forbade him to do the very thing which he

had so long refused to undertake. This last

measure seems to have aroused the perverse

Frederick by the law of contradiction, for setting at naught both the threats and the