1400 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.
still he was not ready to depart for the East.
Pope Honorius died and was succeeded by
Gregory IX., who espoused with zeal the enterprise which his predecessor had not lived to
see accomplished. Unable to urge the Emperor to go forward by any milder persuasion
His Holiness excommunicated him, and finally
forbade him to do the very thing which he
had so long refused to undertake. This last
measure seems to have aroused the perverse
Frederick by the law of contradiction, for setting at naught both the threats and the