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1376 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.

of France-a prince of his own age, and with

something of his own audacity.

In vain did the English king endeavor

to break the attachment between his heir

and the French monarch. They continued

to vow eternal friendship and to resolve

that they would fight the Infidels together.

Even when Henry went to war with Philip,

he had the mortification and horror of finding his sons arrayed against him. So in

the summer of 1189 he came to his end,

and died cursing both of his heirs. The

dutiful Richard, however, attended his father's

funeral, was greatly and perhaps sincerely

affected, was acknowledged as king, and

crowned on the 3d of September in that

year. But it was the least part of his intention to waste his energies in the insignificant business of governing the English and

the Normans. Having released his mother

Eleanor from prison, and raised a large sum

of money by the sale of castles and estates

he made ready for his expedition to the

East. It had been arranged that he arid

Philip should join their forces at Vazelay,

and thither in the summer of 1190 both

kings repaired with their armies. England was left to the care of Bishop Hugh of

Durham and Bishop Longchamp of Ely, while

the guardianship of the French Kingdom was

entrusted to Philip's queen and ministers.

Arriving at their rendezvous, the French

and English kings renewed their vows of

friendship, reviewed their army of more

than a hundred thousand men, and set out

on a march to Lyons. Arriving at that

city, they separated their forces, intending

to unite them again at the port of Messina

in Sicily. Philip led his army from Lyons

to Genoa, which was his port of debarkation, while Richard proceeded to Marseilles,