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1372 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.

over their misfortunes, he forbore not, touched

as he was with the spectacle of their misery,

to shed tears of sympathy. He endeavored

to soothe the princesses with manly and

chivalrous words of condolence. Nor was his

conduct towards the captured city less worthy

of praise. The ransom of the common people

was enforced with little rigor, or else not en-

forced at all. Finding a group of Hospitallers

still plying their merciful vocation about the

Church of St. John the Baptist-though at

first he was enraged at the sight of their hateful badges-he left them unmolested in their

good work of healing the sick and succoring

the distressed.

As soon as the captive queen and her

company had withdrawn in the direction of

Tyre, Saladin made a triumphal entry into

Jerusalem. The golden cross which stood

above the dome of the Church of the Holy

Sepulcher was pulled down and dragged

through the streets of the city. The great

Mosque of Omar, which now for eighty-eight

years had been consecrated to the worship .of

God and Christ, was rededicated to the worship of God and Mohammed. In order to remove all stains of defilement from the sacred

edifice, the walls and courts and portals were

carefully washed with rose-water of Damascus.

The other towns of Palestine quickly

submitted to the victor. Nazareth, Bethlehem, Ascalon, and Sidon were successfully

taken by the Moslems. Of all the Christian possessions in the Holy Land only Tyre

remained as a refuge for the scattered followers of Christ. To that city the garrisons

of the other towns and fortresses were permitted to retire, and its walls were soon

crowded with the chivalry of the East. Here,

moreover, Prince Conrad, son of the captive

Marquis of Montferrat, was still distinguishing himself by his courageous defense

against the enemy. Now strongly reinforced

by the gathering of the Christians into Tyre,

he was still more able to keep the Moslems

at bay. So great was his popularity, that

the inhabitants voted him the sovereignty

of the city; and when the captive king of

Jerusalem, who, on condition of perpetual

renunciation of the crown, had been set at

liberty by Saladin, attempted to enter Tyre,

the people rejected him with contempt,

and would not even permit him to come

within their walls. Meanwhile the victorious sultan, well satisfied with the results of his

conquests, returned to Damascus, and there,

amid the delights of his palace and the cool

shadow of the palms, found time to meditate, after the manner of a true Saracen,

upon the vicissitudes of human affairs and

the glorious rewards of war. Here he remained at peace until the winds of the Mediterranean wafted across the Syrian desert

the news of belligerent and angry Europe

preparing her armor and mustering her warriors for the Third Crusade.

For great was the consternation, the

grief, the resentment of all Christendom

when the intelligence came that the Holy

City had been retaken by the Turks. The

fact that the Infidel was again rampant in

all the places once hallowed by the feet of

Christ acted like a fire-brand on the inflammable passions of the West. It was not to be

conjectured that the Christian states of

Europe would patiently bear such an outrage done to their traditions and sentiments.

The first days of gloom and sullen despair

which followed the news of the great disaster

quickly gave place to other days of angry

excitement and eager preparation for the renewal of the conflict.

By this time the crusading agitation,

which had begun in the very sea bottom of

Europe a century before, and, after stirring

up first of all the filthiest dregs of European

society, had risen into the higher ranks until

nobles and princes fell under the sway of

the popular fanaticism, now swept on its

tide the greatest kings and potentates west

of the Bosphorus. Of all the leading sovereigns of Europe, only the Christian rulers

south of the Pyrenees-who were themselves

sufficiently occupied with the Mohammedans

at home-failed to cooperate in the great

movement which was now organized for the

recovery of the Holy Land from the Infidels. Henry Plantagenet of England, Philip

II of France, Frederick Barbarossa of Germany, and Popes Gregory and Clement, all

alike vied with each other in promoting the

common cause.

Nor had the people lost while the kings

had caught the enthusiasm of war. The popular impatience could not await the slower

preparations of prudent royalty making ready

for the struggle. Thousands upon thousands of pilgrim warriors, unable to restrain