Page 1341

1341 THE CRUSADES-THE KINGDOM OF JERUSALEM.

the glory of capturing Jerusalem, had returned

to Europe. The age branded them, however,

as recreants, and under the whip of public

opinion they rallied their knights for a new

expedition.

Thus in a short time King Godfrey found

himself in the Holy City with only a few

hundred warriors to defend it. His courage,

however, was as great as the situation was

perilous. His reputation as a military chieftain stood him well in hand, and the swollen

stream of pilgrims from the West, who might

now be expected to crowd towards Jerusalem,

would doubtless be sufficient for defense.

But the valiant Godfrey was not destined

long to enjoy the fruits of his toil and warfare.

As Baron of the Holy Sepulcher he did as

much as man well might to give regular

institutions to the country and people that

he had conquered. A code of laws, known

as the Assizes of Jerusalem, was drawn up

under his auspices, and Palestine was suitably

divided for purposes of administration. The

military arm was strengthened, and Tancred

was sent into Galilee, where he captured the

town of Tiberias. The whole province was

taken from the Turks and added to Godfrey's

dominions.

The valorous Tancred carried the war

still further into the sultan's territories,

whereupon a Saracen army was sent out

from Damascus, and the adventurous Crusader was about to be cut off. Godfrey hurried to his assistance, and the Moslems

were defeated in battle. Returning to Jerusalem, the Defender of the Holy Sepulcher

passed by way of Cesarea, and was met

by the emir of that district, who made him

a seemingly courteous offer of fruits. The

unsuspecting Godfrey accepted and ate an

apple. Doubtless it had been poisoned, for

the prince immediately sickened. He was

taken in haste to Joppa, where he lingered

until the 18th of July, 1100, when he died.

With thoughtful solicitude he committed

his kingdom of Jerusalem to. the protection of his companions, and directed that

his body should be buried near the tomb of

Christ. A few days after his death his remains were borne up the slope of Calvary,

and laid to rest not far from the Holy Sepulcher. All Christendom heard of the event

with sorrow, and the mourning for the most

unselfish and chivalrous of the great knights

who led the first Crusaders to victory and

death was long continued, and as sincere as

the age was capable of showing.

The decease of the king of Jerusalem

brought on a crisis. Scarcely was Godfrey

buried until the barons fell to quarreling

about the succession. The crown was claimed

by Arnold de Robes, now patriarch of the

city, but his pretensions were vigorously

resisted by many of the pilgrim warriors.

In order to find support he sent an embassy

to Boemund, prince of Antioch, to come to

his assistance, and to aid in saving the Holy

City from anarchy. The opposition meanwhile dispatched messengers to Baldwin of

Edessa, brother of the late king, to come

to Jerusalem and take the crown which

now, according to feudal tenure, would

rightfully descend to him. The envoys

sent by Arnold to Antioch brought back

the doleful intelligence that Boemund had

been recently taken prisoner by the Turks,

and was himself far more in need of assistance than able to go to the rescue of

another. Not so, however, with Prince Baldwin. Notwithstanding the doubtful expediency of, endangering all by leaving his safe

principality of Edessa for the hazards attending the crown of Jerusalem, he gladly

accepted the invitation of the barons, and

laid claim to the throne vacated by the

death of his brother. Putting all on the cast

of the die, he made over the principality of

Edessa to his kinsman, Baldwin du Bourg, and

set out with fourteen hundred horsemen to

make good his claims in the Holy City.

His reception was flattering. The inhabitants of Jerusalem came forth to meet

their new sovereign, and welcomed him

with plaudits. So marked were the expressions of approval that the Patriarch Arnold,

after a few days of sullen discontent, gave

in his adherence, and consented to officiate

in the coronation of his successful rival.

As soon as this ceremony was completed,

Baldwin set about the duties of his office

with great energy. His abilities were scarcely

inferior to those of his predecessor, and

his audacity greater. The Saracens soon

learned that the transfer of the crown was

not likely to inure to the benefit of the Crescent. King Baldwin organized several expeditions against the Infidels, and his successes were such as to strike terror into