1335 THE CRUSADES-TEE FIRST CRUSADE.
he should possess a province of his own.
Just in proportion as this ambitious sentiment was warmed and nurtured among
the knights, their horror of the atrocious
Turk, sitting on the Holy Sepulcher, was
mitigated into a mild sort of hatred which
might well be postponed. But the multitude clamored to be led on against Jerusalem, and the princes were obliged to frame
excuses for spending the summer at Antioch. The horses taken from the Turks must
be trained to service under warriors of heavy
armor. The season was too hot for a campaign through Syria-the autumn would be
fitter for the enterprise.
The stay in the city, however, proved
unfortunate. Raymond of Toulouse, to whom
the citadel had been surrendered just after
the battle, quarreled with Boemund, and
the army was distracted with their feud.
The luxurious living of Antioch proved
too much for the rough men of the West.
A contagion broke out, and fifty thousand
Christians were carried off before its ravages
were stayed. Among, those who perished
was Adhemar, bishop of Puy and legate
of the Pope, a man scarcely less important
in rank and influence than Godfrey and Boemund. So the summer of 1098 was wasted
in enterprises of personal ambition, little
conducive to the reputation of the Western
What with battle, what with famine, what
with pestilence and desertion, the army of the
First Crusade was now reduced to fifty thousand men. It was perceived by the warrior
pilgrims that their chiefs were busy with their
own affairs, and neglectful of the great object
for which the Holy War had been undertaken.
Their discontent at this state of affairs broke
into murmurs, and murmurs into threats. The
Crusaders declared that they would discard the
old and choose new leaders, who would bring
them to the city and tomb of Christ. This
ominous word broke the spell, and Godfrey,
Raymond, Short Hose, and Tancred agreed to
march at once on Palestine. As for Stephen
of Blois and Hugh of Vermandois, they had
already given over the war and returned to
It was evident on the march from Antioch
to Jerusalem that already the furious zeal
with which the Crusade had been begun had
somewhat abated. Now a petty expedition against the Saracens of a neighboring province,
and now a quarrel between Arnold de Robes,
chaplain of Robert Short Hose, and Peter
Barthelemy, relative to the sacred spear-head found in the church at Antioch, distracted the attention of the warriors from the prime object of the war. The whole
winter was thus consumed, and it was not
until the 29th of May, 1099, that the remnant of the great army, ascending the Heights
of Emaus, came at early morning in sight
of the City of David.
Then followed a scene of indescribable
emotion. There lay the walls and towers of
that holy but now profaned place, where
the Son of Mary and the Carpenter had
walked among men. To the Crusaders, the
thought was overpowering. They uncovered
their heads. They put off their sandals.
They fell upon their faces. They wept.
They threw up their hands and cried: "Jerusalem! Jerusalem!" Then they seized their
swords, and would fain rush to an immediate
assault. In a short time Tancred secured
possession of Bethlehem, and, when a body
of Saracen cavalry came forth to stay the
progress of the Christians, he chased them
furiously to and through the gates of the
city. The main army encamped on the
north side of Jerusalem-that part of the
rampart being most accessible to assault.
The leaders present to share in the toil and
glory of the siege were Godfrey of Bouillon
and his brother Eustace, Raymond of Toulouse, Baldwin du Bourg, Robert of Flanders,
Robert Short Hose of Normandy, and Edgar
Atheling of England, who, after settling the
affairs of Scotland with the usurper Donald
Bane, had led his Saxon Knights to the
East and joined the Christian army in Laodicea.
While the preparations were making for
the siege an anchorite came out of the hermitage on Mount Olivet and harangued
the princes. He exhorted them to take the
city by storm, assuring them of the aid of
heaven. Great was the enthusiasm inspired
by his presence in the camp. Soldiers and
chiefs were swayed by the appeal, and it
was resolved to make an immediate assault.
Poorly as they were supplied with the necessary implements and machines for such
an undertaking, the Crusaders pressed their
way to the outer wall and broke an opening