Page 1317

1317 THE CRUSADES-THE UPRISING OF EUROPE.

from sight before a regular army could be

equipped and started in the wake of the popular tumult. Not a Christian soldier had

thus far penetrated beyond the plain of Nice.

Walter the Penniless was dead. The fame

of Peter was at a discount, but the fever of

Europe was in no wise cooled. It still remained for her soldiery to undertake by regular expeditions what her peasants and monks, her goose and her goat, had failed to accomplish.

In the mean time the secular princes of the

West, who had attended the Council of Clermont and assumed the cross, were busily

engaged in preparing for the holy war. Among

those who were destined to distinguish themselves as crusaders, should be mentioned,

first of all, Godfrey of Bouillon, duke of Lorraine. His reputation for piety, learning,

and courage was equal to that of the best

prince of his age. In his father's house Peter

the Hermit had lived before he became a

monk. From his mother, who had in her

veins the blood of the Carlovingians, Godfrey

inherited his dukedom. In early life he took

up arms for the Emperor Henry IV in his

war with Hildebrand, and won high distinction as a soldier. In the bloody battle

which was fought on the banks of the Elster

he had struck down with his own hand that

Rodolph of Suabia whom the Pope had invested. with .the crown of Germany. Afterwards, during the siege of Rome, when the

papal banner trailed and Gregory fled for

refuge into the castle of St. Angelo, it was

Godfrey who, first of all the imperial captains, broke over the ramparts and opened

the gates of the city. With the subsequent

triumph of the Pope, however, the duke's conscience began to upbraid him for the wicked

part he had taken against the Head of the

church. Living in his duchy, surrounded

with wealth and enjoying a good name, he

none the less suffered all the pangs of remorse.

How else should he atone for the great sins

of his rash youth except by taking the cross

and giving his life, if necessary, in recovering

the Holy Land from the Infidels?

With no half-hearted purpose did Duke

Godfrey become a Crusader. No sacrifices

were spared to secure the desired end. He

sold or mortgaged all of his castles and estates. He alienated his cities and principalities and gave up his duchy. He laid all on the altar if by any means he might

regain the favor of heaven, which he had

forfeited by making war on the vicar of

Christ. With the money procured by the sale

of his vast domains he raised and equipped

a magnificent army. Ten thousand knights,

the flower of European chivalry, rallied

around his banner, while a force of eighty

thousand foot made up the body of his forces.

His principal officers were his two brothers,

Eustace and Baldwin, the former count of

Bouillon; his kinsman Baldwin du Bourg, and

several other noblemen less conspicuous by

their rank and reputation.

In the south of France the men of war

were rallied to the cross by Raymond, count

of Toulouse. He too was a soldier by profession. He had fought against the Saracens in

Spain. He had distinguished himself at the

right hand of the Cid. He had wedded the

daughter of King Alphonso, and was known

as one of the most valiant captains of his

times. It was his saying that he had spent

his youth fighting the followers of the false

Prophet in Europe, and would spend his

old age in warring with them in Asia. Already aged, his white locks made a conspicuous

sign around which soon was gathered out of

Provence and Gascony an army of a hundred

thousand men. His principal officer was the

Bishop of Puy, who, after the Council of Clermont, was made legate of the Pope, and now

became a soldier of the cross militant against

the Infidels.

While the Crusaders of Lorraine and

Provence were thus marshaled by Godfrey

and Raymond, Hugh, of Vermandois, brother

of King Philip of France, and Robert, Count

of Flanders, sounded the call in their respective provinces and armed their several

hosts. Stephen, Count of Blois, and Robert,

Count of Paris, also rallied their knights and

retainers and made ready for the march into

Asia. It was at this time that the crusading fervor kindled all Normandy into a

glow. The court of Rouen furnished two

gallant leaders. These were Robert Short

Hose, son of William the Conqueror, and

Edgar Atheling, heir of the Saxon line to the

throne of England.

The characters and dispositions of both

these princes have already been sketched in the

preceding book. Such was the improvidence

of Robert, and so frequently was he made the