Page 1298

1298 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD

Such in brief is a sketch in outline of the

character and progress of the Mohammedan

states during the Middle Ages. Let us now,

before beginning a history of the Crusades,

consider the rise and early development of

the kingdoms of Northern Europe.

Among the earliest of the Northern states

to make some progress toward the civilized

condition was the peninsular and insular kingdom of Denmark. The earliest of the population of this region appear to have been the Cimbri, who held the country as early as the