1084 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.
on the 3d of October, 732, was fought one
of the great battles of history, in which the
religious status of Europe was fixed. The
Arabian cavalry beat audaciously against the
ranks of the heavy armed German warriors,
who with their battle ax, dashed down whatever opposed. At sunset the Arabs retired
to their own camp. During the night some of the Moslem tribes fell into battle with each
other, and on the morrow the host rolled back
to the south.
In honor of his triumph over the Saracens,
Charles received the name of the Hammer.
Without any imprudent attempt to pursue
the Mohammedan hordes beyond the limits of
safety, he nevertheless pressed his advantage
to the extent of driving them beyond the
Pyrenees. The province of Aquitaine was
recovered and permanently annexed to the
Frankish dominions. Charles continued to
rule the empire until his death in 741, when
the government descended to his two sons,
Carloman who received Austrasia, and
Pepin the Short, to whom was assigned the
remainder of the Frankish dominion. The
latter soon obtained possession of his Austrasian province, as well as his own, assumed the
name of king, and thus became the founder of the Carlovingian Dynasty.
On his first accession to power, Pepin
adopted the policy of his immediate predecessors and set up a Merovingian figurehead in
the person of Childeric III. This poor shadow
of an extinct House was made to play his part
until the year 752, when a decision was obtained from Pope Zachary in favor of the
Carlovingian family. Childeric was thereupon
shut up in a monastery, and Pepin the Short
was anointed and crowned as king by St.
Boniface in the cathedral of Soissons. He