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confounded with the Getae; but for this con-

fusion there is no good reason.

Historically, the Goths are associated with

the Vandals and the Gepidae. Procopius, indeed, regards the three tribes as mere subdivisions of the same nation. Before their first impact with the Romans the Goths were located

in the region north of the Euxine. A century

later, about A. D. 250, they were established

on the Lower Danube. Before that time they

had made an incursion into Thrace and devastated a considerable district of country. In

the year 262 they were defeated in battle by

AEmilianus, and seven years later by Claudius. Near the close of the third century

they obtained possession of the province of

Dacia, and from this region their struggle

with the Empire began. In the mean time

they became divided into the two great families of Visi or Western, and Ostro or Eastern

Goths. The latter occupied the territory lying

between the Danube and the Carpathian

mountains, and stretching from the borders of

Hungary to Bessarabia. The former were

located in Southern Russia between the Don

and the Dniester. For a while the two races

were ruled by a common king. When the

Hunnish invasions began the Visigoths put

themselves under the protection of the Empire

and were first assigned a district in Thrace,

but afterwards came into possession of Moesia.

From the times of Theodosius the Goths

became constantly more aggressive, and it was

evident that they contemplated no less than