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barbarian warrior of all time. He established

his court in a stockade on the river Theiss, in

Pannonia, which now became Hungary. Here

the savage monarch delighted in cultivating

the arts of ferocity. He announced his purpose to be the destroyer of the nations, and

gladly accepted the title of the "Scourge of

God." He first fell upon the outlying provinces of Theodosius. He overthrew the armies

of that monarch, and compelled him to pay

tribute. He then made war upon the tribes

of the Elbe and the Baltic; then turned to

the Tartars beyond the Don and the Volga;

then wheeled again, and fell upon Thrace and

Illyria, destroying seventy cities.

Theodosius and Valentinian now made a

league for the purpose of staying the ravages of

the infuriated Hun. The latter was induced to

turn upon the Visigoths in Gaul. All the nations now united against Attila, who, crossing

the Rhine, carried every thing before him. At

Orleans, however, his progress was arrested.

Unable to capture the city, he began a retreat;

but was followed by the Imperial army, swollen

by great accessions of auxiliaries, and was

routed in a great battle at CHALONS. He then

continued his retreat out of Gaul.

The king of the Huns now became ambitious of an Imperial marriage. In A. D. 452

he demanded the hand of Honoria, sister of

the Emperor of the West. Being refused, he

undertook an invasion of Italy. The cities of

Aquileia, Padua, and Verona were destroyed,

and their inhabitants driven into the islands

of the Veneti. Here the Huns were unable

to pursue them. Perceiving the advantage of

the situation, the fugitives began to build, and

thus were laid the foundations of Venice. The

Huns, continuing their ravages, overran Cisalpine Gaul, but forebore to make an

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