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Postumus, the only remaining son of Julia and Agrippa. Having thus cleared

the field of his solitary rival, he assumed the peaceful policy of his

predecessor, and began his reign with moderation and prudence. He took upon

himself the same assumed humility of demeanor which had marked the methods

of Augustus, and the old republican shadows were still allowed to stalk

undisturbed about the Senate House and Forum.

Several features of the military service of the Empire were of a sort to

create dissatisfaction and perhaps engender mutiny. The rate of pay

established by the first Emperor had been ruinously low for a soldiery,

which could not any longer be supplied by miscellaneous pillage. Towns once

conquered and added to the imperial system could not henceforth be

plundered at the will of every military commandant. War was less profitable

than in the palmy days of the Republic, when the spoliation of the world

was the one great vocation of the Romans. The term of service, moreover--

having been fixed at twenty years for the legionaries and fourteen years

for the praetorians-became exceedingly irksome to the army. Time and again

during the reign of Augustus were heard the mutterings of discontent.

Tiberius inherited this. disaffection. The soldiers demanded an increase of

pay and a reduction in the term of service. The legions in Pannonia

mutinied, and Tiberius was obliged to send to the insurgents, by his son

Drusus, surnamed Germanicus, an assurance of a speedy compliance with their

demands. Having accomplished this mission, Drusus led the legions across

the Rhine and distracted their attention from their late troubles by an

invasion of Germany.

The general soon proved himself to be a brave and competent commander. The

powerful tribe of the Cherusci were routed in battle, and then Drusus

plunged, as Varus had done, into the Teutoburger forest. The old

battlefield was reached, and the bleaching bones of Varus's legionaries

were gathered up and honored with sepulture. One of the lost eagles of Rome

was recovered from the enemy, but Hermann formed an ambuscade, drew

Germanicus and his army into the trap, and attempted to repeat his former

work of annihilation. All the desperate courage of the legionaries and the

skill of the commander were required to save the army from destruction.

Germanicus, however, soon recovered himself, and fresh levies were brought

forward for another campaign. He conducted his army by way of the Zuyder

Zee canal to the Weser, where the German nations were assembled to give him

battle. A great victory was here gained by the Romans, but the Teutons were

by no means conquered, and Drusus prepared to follow up his success when he

was suddenly recalled by Tiberius, who had become jealous of his fame. The

emperor was of a disposition naturally suspicious, and this trait had been

whetted into unusual sensitiveness by his position. He began to look with

an eye askance on any and all whom his fancy painted as possible rivals of

his greatness. His own social and domestic life had been embittered to its

depths by his relations with Julia and the Caesarian household. So, as soon

as Rome began to ring with the praises of Germanicus, he contrived to

recall him from his