UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE ANCIENT WORLD.
intellectual attainments of the age. She was versed in languages; a
proficient in music, art, and literature. Her recklessness was equaled by
her ambition. Through all the wasteful extravagance and dissipations in
which she indulged with Antonius there ran a thread of policy which united
all her subordinate designs in a single great purpose, that of becoming
queen of the Roman Empire. In the way of this ambition stood the figure of
Octavianus. She clearly perceived that the world must be mastered by one,
not two. Or failing in this scheme of dominion, her next purpose was to
detach Antonius from the very recollection of Rome, and to fix him and his
court permanently at Alexandria. Thus at any rate would be established an
oriental monarchy having herself for its queen.
While the empire of passion thus flourished for a season in the East, the
empire of reason was instituted in the West. The influence of Octavianus
was constantly extended, and the