UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE ANCIENT WORLD.
endeavored to dissuade him, but he replied that he preferred death to exile
from that country which he had so often saved! The egotism of the great but
weak old man haunted him to death. When his pursuers were close at hand,
his servants endeavored to bear him away, but he was overtaken and killed
in his litter. His head was cut off and presented to Fulvia, the wife of
Antonius, and by her orders the protruding tongue was nailed with a bodkin
to a post in the Forum. "Now," said she, "wag no more!"
These events occupied the year B. C. 43. In the mean time Brutus and
Cassius had made their stand in Macedonia. Here for the last time the
Republic lifted its sword against the Empire-the Past against the Present.
Antonius went first with an army into Epirus, and was there joined by
Octavianus with another. The combined forces proceeded across Greece, where
the leaders of the opposition had thus far appeared more concerned about
spoils than for the overthrow of Caesarism. The two forces met at Philippi,
which place had already been pointed out to the superstitious mind of
Brutus by the specter of the murdered Julius as the spot where they should
meet again. Here two battles were fought, in the first of which