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favorites of Caesar, but during his long absence had become impatient of

the restraints of the camp and arrogant in their demands. They had first

killed their officers, and then marched on the capital. The city was

endangered by the mutineers, and Caesar's coming was anxiously awaited. He

mustered the soldiers in the Campius Martius, and requested a statement of

their grievances. Their demands appeared to have reference to a payment of

their dues, the bestowal of promised presents, and a release from further

duty. Caesar well knew that the best way to humiliate an insurrection is to

grant what it clamors for. He accordingly made an address to his old

legion, being careful to begin with "Citizens," instead of "Soldiers." This

was gall and wormwood. To be addressed as citizens by their beloved