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as it was known that the attention of Caesar was drawn to the other side of

the mountains, a general insurrection broke out in all parts of Ulterior

Gaul. In this revolt the Averni, under their great leader, Vercingetorix,

were the leaders, and to him the other tribes looked for the management of

the war. The proconsul again crossed the mountain, fell upon the town of

Genabum, which the insurgents had taken, recaptured and burnt the place

almost before the enemy had knowledge of his coming or intentions.

Vercingetorix now adopted the policy of wasting the country, and the Romans

were greatly straitened for supplies; but Caesar made a sudden investment

of Avaricum and succeeded in securing a large store of provisions. He then

laid siege to Gergovia, the capital of the Avernian territories, but was

presently defeated in so signal a manner that he was obliged to save

himself by a retreat. The news spread like a flame in stubble, and all

Gaul, excepting only the tribe of the Remi, again rose in revolt. All the

barbarian floods were loosed. The desperate warriors swore that they would

not return home until they had twice fought their way through the broken

lines of the Romans. It was not the first or last rash oath of barbarism.

For Caesar was equal to the emergency. He called a new levy from the

province of Cisalpine. He concentrated his forces. He drove Vercingetorix

into Alesia, and there besieged him and his eighty thousand Gauls. Another

barbarian army, said to have numbered more than two hundred and fifty

thousand men, came to the relief of their brethren, and Caesar found

himself with his ten legions surrounded by an almost countless host of

savage and vindictive warriors. Still he quailed not. Alesia was forced to

capitulate. Vercingetorix was taken and reserved for the coming triumph.

The rest were reduced to slavery. Every soldier was given a Gallic servant.

The encompassing army was routed and dispersed. So signal was the overthrow

of the rebellion that the various tribes each sought to placate the anger

of the conqueror and to procure favorable, or at least merciful, terms of

peace. The conquest of all Gaul was completed without another blow. It only

remained for Caesar to spend the winter in settling the conditions of peace

and organizing, after the Roman method, the vast territory into the two

provinces-soon to be consolidated into one-of Gallia and Belgica.

Now it was that the qualities of the Caesarian mind began to display

themselves with that rational magnanimity for which the subsequent career

of the great leader was so notably marked. The policy which he pursued

towards the Gauls was characterized by a