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arrived, Cinna had himself and Marius proclaimed consuls without the

formality of a ballot. Thus was fulfilled the prophecy of the African

soothsayer, who had predicted that Marius should be seven times consul of

Rome. The end, however, was at hand. He whom the sword of the Cimbric slave

had spared now perished on the sword of his own passion. Tormented with

constant apprehension of his enemies, haunted by superstition, and finding

no further vent for his ferocity, he sought oblivion in drink. On the

thirteenth day of his consulship he died, in the seventy-first year of his

age. Cinna, however, continued to rule for two years longer. Without regard

to the forms of law, he appointed Lucius Valerius Flaccus to the

consulship, and at the end of the term brought it about that himself and

Cneius Papirius Carbo should be declared consuls for two years longer.

Let us now trace the career of Sulla. Early in B. C. 87 he landed with five

legions in Epirus. On his way across the Hellenic peninsula he paused to

capture Athens, which was sacked by his soldiers. Archelaus, who had

defended the city, made his escape and joined a second army sent by

Mithridates into Greece, and now in Boeotia. Sulla met his enemies on the

field of Chaeronea, and inflicted on them a severe defeat. In the following

year, B. C. 85, another battle was fought at Orchomentus, in which the

Romans were again victorious. In the mean time Lucius Valerius Flaccus, who

had been sent to the East to supersede Sulla in the command, landed in

Greece with two legions, and used all his arts to induce a defection in the

Roman army. But Sulla's soldiers adhered steadily to his cause, and Flaccus

soon afterward lost his life in a mutiny of his own troops.

By this time the people of the provincial states of the East had had enough

of Mithridates. They had found that Rome was the gentler master of the two.

The Greeks openly expressed their preference for a restoration of Roman

authority. The victories of Sulla conduced to the same result. The younger

Mithridates was defeated near Pergamus by the Roman general Fimbria, who

succeeded in capturing the city. The king became anxious to save the wreck

of his dominion by securing the best terms possible from his vanquisher.

Sulla met Mithridates in B.C. 84, at the town of Dardanus, and there the

terms of a settlement were dictated and accepted. The Pontic king was

compelled to surrender all his conquests, to confine his claims to Pontus

proper, to surrender his eighty ships of war, and to pay an indemnity of

three thousand talents. Sulla then proceeded against Fimbria, who, being

abandoned by his soldiers, fled to Pergamus and committed suicide. The

conqueror then imposed a contribution of twenty talents upon the province

of Asia, and the inhabitants of the country, in order to meet the

requisition, were obliged to borrow the money from the Roman usurers at a

ruinous rate of interest.

In B.C. 84 Sulla found himself in a situation to write a letter to the

Senate, announcing the overthrow of Mithridates and the pacification of the

East. The Marian party now held complete possession of Rome, and the news

of Sulla's victory sounded a death knell in their ears. The Senate sent

ambassadors to Sulla, expressing their desire for peace; but the two

consuls. Cinna and Carbo, knowing that a reconciliation was impossible,

prepared for the worst. Cinna, at the head of a large force, set out for

Greece, but on reaching Ancona a mutiny broke out among his soldiers, and

he was killed. Nevertheless preparations continued, and before Sulla could

reach Italy an army of two hundred thousand had been raised to resist him.

His own forces numbered but forty thousand, but these were veterans who

were devotedly attached to their leader. In the spring of B. C. 83 Sulla

landed at Brundusium, and began his march on Rome. The consuls were armed

with dictatorial powers, but nothing availed to stay his progress. Several

of the leaders of the consular armies went over to his standard. He

defeated the consul Norbanus at Mount Tifata, won over the troops of

Scipio, blockaded Capua, and wintered in Campania.

Meanwhile Norbanus and the younger Caous Marius-though the latter was not

of legal age-were chosen consuls, and Sulla and his adherents were declared

enemies of the