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expensive than the method of Alexander, who conquered by the sword and held

as he had won. The Roman envoy was generally like Caesar's Gaul, "divided

into three parts," of which the first was lion, the second fox, and the

third, jackal. In his relations with foreign states he was expected to be

lion and fox by turns, and jackal always.

It will now be of interest to revert to Carthage. In the half century

succeeding the close of the Second Punic War she stood aloof from the

entanglements on the other shores of the Mediterranean, and endeavored to

regain by commerce what she had lost by the sword. This course led

inevitably to the restoration of the prosperity of the city. Rome saw with

a jealous eye the Carthaginian ship traversing the sea and laden with a

foreign cargo. Meanwhile Masinissa made the most of his position, as king

of Numidia, by attacking the