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821

ROME-THE PUNIC WARS.

The general effect of these continued successes of the Romans was to

strengthen the anti-war party in Carthage. The adherents of Hannibal were

discouraged and put under. It was, moreover, evident to the most patriotic

of the Carthaginians that the prospects, immediate and remote, were

exceedingly gloomy as it respected the fate of their country. Negotiations

were accordingly opened for peace. Scipio himself was not adverse to a

settlement provided the same could be made on conditions sufficiently

advantageous to Rome. The approaching exhaustion of Roman resources, as it

respected both means and men, was a powerful general reason, and the desire

in bringing the war to a successful conclusion, a strong personal motive

for his wishing to end hostilities. The general, therefore, submitted an

outline of the terms which-would be satisfactory to himself, subject,

however, to the approval of the Senate. The conditions embraced the

surrender of all prisoners and deserters held by the Carthaginians, a

renunciation of territorial claims in Spain and the islands of the western

Mediterranean, the calling home of Hannibal and Mago from Italy, the

recognition of Masinissa asking of Numidia, the reduction of the

Carthaginian navy to twenty ships-of-war, and the payment of five thousand

talents as a war indemnity to Rome. These preliminaries being accepted by

the Senate of Carthage, an armistice was declared, and the Roman prisoners

were set at liberty in anticipation of a like acceptance by the Romans.

Hannibal and Mago were recalled to Carthage, and it was confidently

believed that the war was at an end.

These opening buds of peace were quickly nipped in the severe air of the

Roman Senate. That body had rightly divined that the condition of Hannibal

in Italy, the progress of Scipio on the other side of the Mediterranean,

and especially the overthrow of Syphax in Numidia, were the inevitable

precursors of the