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ROME-EARLY ANNALS.

accept the story that Camillus deposited in the vaults of the Capitol, as a

sacred reserve against a possible repetition of the invasion, the gold which he

recovered from the barbarians. In the times of Julius Caesar such a reserve-fund

still existed, and popular belief associated the same with the deposit made by

Camillus. There is little doubt, then, that about the beginning of the fourth

century B.C., the barbarians of the North took and plundered the Eternal City-a

feat which their countrymen were not destined to repeat for more than eight

hundred years.

The fate of the two principal actors in the drama, by which Rome was so nearly

extinguished, may well receive a word of further notice. Manlius, the defender of

the Capitol, as nearly always happened with those who became the benefactors of

the people, fell under the ban of the patricians. On a certain occasion he saw a

debtor, one who had been a brave centurion, borne away to prison to expiate what

he could not pay. Manlius, thereupon, discharged the debt and set the prisoner

free. Soon afterwards he sold an estate near Veii, and loaned the proceeds,

without interest, to the poor, thereby relieving more than four hundred of his

indigent countrymen. The praises of the benevolent man were heard on every hand,

but such a reputation was wormwood to the jealous patricians. They demanded that

a dictator should be named, and that Manlius should be held to answer the charge

of kingly ambition. Twice he was brought to trial, but the city was profoundly

excited in his favor; and it was found impossible to condemn him in the sight of

the Capitol which his valor had saved from the enemy. A third time, however, he

was arrested and brought before the judges in the grove of Poetelius. Here where

the Capitol was no longer visible, a conviction by his enemies was at last

secured. He was speedily condemned to death, and hurled from the summit of the

Tarpeian rock.

Camillus was named the Second Founder of Rome. He it was who, when the people,

after the departure of the Gauls, fell into despair, and would fain have removed

in a body to Veii, abandoning to her ruin the city of Romulus, persuaded them to

rise from their desolation and begin again, on the hill made glorious by their

ancestors, the struggle for renown. He it was, also, who ordered Veii to be

dismantled, and the stone and other valuable materials to be removed for the

rebuilding of Rome. While this work was in progress, several fortunate omens gave

good courage to the people. Among the debris of the ruin accomplished by the

Gauls were found the augural staff of Romulus, the Twelve Tables of the law, and

some of the ancient treaties of the city. Camillus showed his wisdom by inviting

the Veientines and the people of Capenae to settle in the city. By this means the

population was so rapidly augmented that Rome was again able to contend

successfully with her enemies. Her old foes, the AEquians, the Volscians, the

Etruscans, the Latins-all by turns taking courage from the apparent weakness and

despair of their rival-banded themselves against her; and at times the city was

reduced to the greatest straits. But the indomitable will of Camillus, aided as

he was by the valor of Cornelius Cossus, triumphed over all opposition, and every

state which had taken the hazard of war was subjugated.