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ROME-EARLY ANNALS.

he had taken for the outrage of Lucretia, mourned his loss for a whole year.

The next movement of the Tarquin was to seek the aid of King Porsenna, of

Clusium, in an attempted recovery of the kingdom. Porsenna yielded to the

solicitations and collecting a large army, marched against Rome. So sudden was

their coming that the hill Janiculus, on the right bank of the Tiber, fell into

their power. The defenders of this stronghold fled across the bridge into the

city. The Romans were thrown into a panic, and left the entrance to the bridge

undefended. In this emergency Horatius Codes rushed to the further end with two

warriors, named Lartius and Herminius, and held back the Etruscan army while

their countrymen broke down the bridge behind them. Before the structure fell the

two companions of Horatius escaped to the other bank, but he himself stood alone

hurling back his assailants until the bridge went down with a crash. He then

turned about with all his armor on, plunged into the Tiber, and swam unhurt to

the opposite shore. There he was received with shouts by the multitude, and led

into the city. A monument was erected in honor of his brave deed, and he was

rewarded with a farm on the Tiber.

Notwithstanding the deliverance of Rome by the personal heroism of Horatius, the

city was still hard pressed by the army of Porsenna. Famine was added to the

other hardships of the siege. When the Romans were about to despair, a certain

nobleman named Mucius came forward and volunteered his services to end the war by

killing King Porsenna. He accordingly made his way into the Etruscan camp, where

he fell upon the secretary, who was disbursing pay to the soldiers and slew him.

Being seized for his crime and threatened with death, he replied with contempt,

and in order to show his indifference to pain thrust his arm into the fire which

was kept burning on the altar, and held it there until it was consumed. Porsenna

was amazed at this exhibition of fortitude and gave the young nobleman his

freedom. In gratitude for his deliverance Mucius then told the king of Clusium

that three hundred young men of Rome had made an oath with himself that they

would deliver the city by killing Porsenna. Such was the effect of this

intelligence that the king determined to abandon the siege and make peace. By the

terms of the treaty it was agreed that Tarquin should receive no further aid from

the Etruscans, and that seven towns of the Veientines, previously conquered by

the Romans, should be given to Porsenna.

Peace brought friendship to the two peoples. Among the hostages given by the

Romans was a virgin named Cloelia. Fearing harm at the hands of the Etruscans,

she escaped from the camp by night, swam the Tiber, and returned to Rome. Her

countrymen, however, were displeased with this act of bad faith and sent her back

to Porsenna. But he, in admiration alike for the courage of the maiden and the

good faith of her people, gave her liberty, with as many others of the hostages

as she might choose to take with her. The king also, in abandoning his camp

before Rome, left every thing as it was, so that the Romans might have whatever

it contained.

After the war King Porsenna retired to Clusium. Soon afterwards he sent an army

under Aruns to besiege the town of Aricia, in Latium. It was here that the people

of the Latin districts were accustomed to meet in council. When the Etruscans

came against the place the Aricians received aid from Aristodemus, the Greek

ruler of Cumae; and in a battle which ensued the army of Aruns was completely

defeated. The fugitives fled to Rome, where they were kindly received. The

wounded were nursed until they were restored to health, and dwellings were given

to them in that part of the city afterwards known as the Etruscan quarter.

Meanwhile Tarquin, not yet despairing of regaining the kingdom, had gone to

Tusculum, where his son-in-law, Octavius Mamilius, held the government. Him he

persuaded to make war on the Romans. Several Latin towns were induced to make a

league against the enemies of Tarquin, and an expedition was undertaken against

Rome. The authorities of the latter city were greatly alarmed at the situation.

Believing that in such an emergency the divided authority of the consuls was

detrimental to success, the Romans voted that for