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open the gates of the citadel if the Sabines would give her "what they wore on

their left arms." When the gates were thus gained the soldiers threw upon her

their shields, for these also were worn on the left arm. So was Tarpeia crushed

to death.

The victorious Sabines gave battle to the Romans in the valley at the foot of the

hill. While the conflict was still undetermined the women themselves, who had now

become reconciled to the husbands who had taken them by force, rushed into the

midst of the fight, and with wild outcries besought the combatants to cease from

the fight. On the one side they implored their fathers and on the other their

husbands to withhold their hands from slaughter. The appeal was not in vain. The

quarrel was laid aside, since the cause of the quarrel no longer existed. The two

peoples agreed to live at peace. The Sabines received the Capitoline and Quirinal

hills, and the Romans retained the Palatine.

For a while Romulus and Titus Tatius reigned jointly; but the latter was

presently slain in a battle with the people of Laurentium, and the founder of the

city again ruled alone. The two elements of the population and the double-headed

government made it necessary for the Romans and the Sabines to confer together on

questions of common interest to the city. Accordingly, in the valley between the

Quirinal and Palatine hills, a place of counsel was established, called the

Comitium. Here the two kings and their counselors were accustomed to meet and

discuss the affairs of the state of Rome. The people were divided into three

tribes, according to previous nationality. There were the Ramnes, or Romans; the

Titienses, or people of Titus; and the Luceres, thought to have been so named

from Lucomo, an Etruscan chief, who is said to have taken part in the previous


After the death of Tatius, Romulus continued his career as a warrior. Many

neighboring towns were conquered, and the influence of Rome thus extended into a

considerable part of Latium. After a long reign Romulus called the people

together in the Field of Mars, and spoke to them of the city and what was

necessary to make the Romans great. Soon after the meeting assembled, a violent

storm arose and Romulus was borne away. He was seen no more by the awe-struck

people, but that night he showed himself to one Proculus Julius, who was

journeying from Alba to Rome, to whom he delivered this message: "Go and tell my

people that they weep not for me any more, but bid them to be brave and warlike,

and so shall they make my city the greatest on earth." From this apocalypse it

was judged by the Romans that Romulus had become a god. A temple was accordingly

erected to his honor, and he was worshipped under the name of Quirinus. From this

divine appellative the people thenceforth took the name of Quirites. Thus, in the

year B. C. 715, the founder of Rome ended his career, and thus it is that the lay

of the ancient city, delivered by the pen of Livy, has come in tradition to


If we should inquire how much of all this is history and how much fable, we

should, perhaps, reduce the narrative to this: That a tribe of the Latini

selected as an eligible place for settlement the Palatine Hill, about three miles

below the confluence of the Anio and the Tiber, and eighteen miles above the

mouth of the latter stream. The chosen site, being on the left, or Latin, bank of

the river, was well adapted to become the emporium of Latium. The original tribe

was called the Ramnes, or Romans. The city which they founded on the Palatine was

laid off four-square, and was for this reason called Roma Quadrata. The line of

this old rampart has been traced in several parts as the result of recent

excavations. The territory belonging to the city in the time immediately

succeeding the foundation, extended no more than five miles to the east and

south. On the right bank of the river the possessions of Rome embraced only the

suburbs of the hill called Janiculus, but the whole course of the Tiber was

regarded as being included with the estate of primitive Rome. This gave the right

of way to the sea.

The favorable situation of the settlement invited a crowd of adventurers, who

rapidly swelled the population and contributed to the defense of the city.

Protected by the