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Antiochus next vindicated his title of Great by doing what several of

his predecessors had failed to accomplish-subdue the Parthians and

Bactrians. In a campaign of B. C. 214 he overran both of the revolted

provinces, gained decisive victories, and reduced to obedience the

rebellious inhabitants, who for thirty years had defied the authority of

the Syrian kings. Having achieved these brilliant successes, Antiochus

continued his campaign to the banks of the Indus, and returned to his

capital with a great augmentation of wealth and honor.

So great were the vices of Ptolemy Philopater that Egypt was not

permitted to reap any important benefits from the victory at Rhaphia.

His conduct precipitated an epoch of civil discord, and it was a good

riddance when his vicious indulgences brought his life to a close. He

was succeeded by his son, surnamed Epiphanes, who was a mere child at

his father's death. This circumstance suggested to Philip of Macedon the

feasibility of an Egyptian invasion. Accordingly, in B. C. 202, he set

out through Asia Minor, and captured most of the cities therein

belonging to the House of Ptolemy. Several of the AEgean islands fell

into his power, and still further successes were promised to his arms;

but the Rhodians, alarmed at these aggressions,