MACEDONIA-SUCCESSORS OF ALEXANDER.
Antiochus next vindicated his title of Great by doing what several of
his predecessors had failed to accomplish-subdue the Parthians and
Bactrians. In a campaign of B. C. 214 he overran both of the revolted
provinces, gained decisive victories, and reduced to obedience the
rebellious inhabitants, who for thirty years had defied the authority of
the Syrian kings. Having achieved these brilliant successes, Antiochus
continued his campaign to the banks of the Indus, and returned to his
capital with a great augmentation of wealth and honor.
So great were the vices of Ptolemy Philopater that Egypt was not
permitted to reap any important benefits from the victory at Rhaphia.
His conduct precipitated an epoch of civil discord, and it was a good
riddance when his vicious indulgences brought his life to a close. He
was succeeded by his son, surnamed Epiphanes, who was a mere child at
his father's death. This circumstance suggested to Philip of Macedon the
feasibility of an Egyptian invasion. Accordingly, in B. C. 202, he set
out through Asia Minor, and captured most of the cities therein
belonging to the House of Ptolemy. Several of the AEgean islands fell
into his power, and still further successes were promised to his arms;
but the Rhodians, alarmed at these aggressions,