MACEDONIA-SUCCESSORS OF ALEXANDER.
Greek kingdom of Syria. Ptolemy Philadelphus reigned in Egypt; Ceraunus
in Macedonia. By him the sons of Lysimachus were murdered, Arsinoe
driven into Egypt, and Antigonus, son of Demetrius, excluded from the
But the blind Nemesis, ever on the trail of the butcher, soon sent her
avenging ministers to balance the disturbed scales of justice. The Gauls
came. Having acquired rather than appeased an appetite for plunder
during their recent invasion of Italy, they now poured into Thrace and
Macedonia. Without proper preparation or due caution in the research of
such a foe, Ceraunus went forth and gave them battle. The result was
that his army was cut to pieces by the barbarians and himself slain in
the fight. The invaders then made their way into Asia Minor, selected
their province, conquered it, and gave it the name of Galatia.
After a long struggle with King Pyrrhus and the Gauls, Antigonus, the
son of Demetrius, at length secured the throne of Macedonia and took the
title of Antigonus II. In a reign of twenty-seven years (B. C. 269-242)
he embroiled himself but little with the affairs of surrounding
kingdoms. In an attempt, however, which he made upon the liberties of
the Greek states, he stirred up so much resentment that, under the lead
of the Achaians an alliance, known as the Achaean League, hereafter to
act a conspicuous part in the concluding drama of Grecian history, was
formed against him and his schemes. In B. C. 242 he died at the advanced
age of eighty, and left his crown to his son Demetrius II., whose reign
of ten years was not marked by any notable events. His ambitions-such as
they were-were successfully resisted by the League, and his petty wars
with the AEtolians, Illyrians, and Thracians had no important results.
At his death the crown descended to his son Philip, then but three years
of age, who was placed under the regency of his uncle, Antigonus Doson.