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stabbed him to death. The murderer at once repaired to Lysimachia, and

announcing himself as the avenger of their late king's death, seized the

throne and held it for the space of three years.

From all this blood and violence it is a grateful relief to turn to the

court of Philadelphus. To him it is fair to accord the praise of being

the most enlightened sovereign of his times. He made Egypt more glorious

than she had been since the days of the great Pharaohs of antiquity.

Alexandria became under his munificent patronage the most splendid seat

of learning in the world. Men of letters from all quarters of the world

came hither as to an asylum. He founded the Alexandrian library, and

invited to his court the most distinguished scientists, poets, and

philosophers. He participated in their learned discussions, and with a

discernment that would have done credit to Francis Bacon sought to draw

them away from the region of inane speculation and to limit their

researches to the things beneficial to men. The great Pharos which had

been begun by Ptolemy the First. was completed in B. C. 280, and the

glare of its flaming torch was flung for more than forty miles across

the Mediterranean. Thus, in the city named after the conqueror of Asia,

the light and learning of Asia was mingled with the enterprise of the


With the death of the aged Seleucus perished the last of those

remarkable military chieftains who had followed the fortunes of

Alexander the Great. The personal struggles of those who had heard the

voice of that mighty hero in battle ended with the battle of Corupedion.

Antiochus was left with the