UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE ANCIENT WORLD.
stabbed him to death. The murderer at once repaired to Lysimachia, and
announcing himself as the avenger of their late king's death, seized the
throne and held it for the space of three years.
From all this blood and violence it is a grateful relief to turn to the
court of Philadelphus. To him it is fair to accord the praise of being
the most enlightened sovereign of his times. He made Egypt more glorious
than she had been since the days of the great Pharaohs of antiquity.
Alexandria became under his munificent patronage the most splendid seat
of learning in the world. Men of letters from all quarters of the world
came hither as to an asylum. He founded the Alexandrian library, and
invited to his court the most distinguished scientists, poets, and
philosophers. He participated in their learned discussions, and with a
discernment that would have done credit to Francis Bacon sought to draw
them away from the region of inane speculation and to limit their
researches to the things beneficial to men. The great Pharos which had
been begun by Ptolemy the First. was completed in B. C. 280, and the
glare of its flaming torch was flung for more than forty miles across
the Mediterranean. Thus, in the city named after the conqueror of Asia,
the light and learning of Asia was mingled with the enterprise of the
With the death of the aged Seleucus perished the last of those
remarkable military chieftains who had followed the fortunes of
Alexander the Great. The personal struggles of those who had heard the
voice of that mighty hero in battle ended with the battle of Corupedion.
Antiochus was left with the