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MACEDONIA-SUCCESSORS OF ALEXANDER.

only by the wounds and death of Macedonians, I will instantly divest

myself of the pernicious ornament. Take back the fatal present. Give it

to some one worthier than I am, if he can preserve the splendid gift

unstained by the blood of his countrymen." The effect of this appeal was

such that the phalanx receded from its attitude, and gave in its

allegiance to the regency under Perdiccas. With him, however, in a short

time Leonatus was associated in the government, and soon afterwards

Meleager as a colleague.

Soon after the completion of these arrangements Queen Roxana gave birth

to a son. The event was hailed as a glad omen, and the child was honored

with his father's name. It was ordered that the infant should be

nurtured with the greatest care and treated as the heir expectant of the

Empire. The next thing demanding the attention of the leaders was the

division of the provinces. Ptolemy, son of Lagus, chose for his portion

the Nile valley, and thus became the founder of the Graeco-Egyptian

dynasty. By this choice he was removed somewhat from the broils into

which he foresaw that his colleagues would in all likelihood be plunged.

Antipater received Macedonia, but with him was associated the veteran

Craterus, whom it will be remembered Alexander had sent thither as

regent. The Thracian states fell to Lysimachus, and Cappadocia to

Eumenes. The Greater Phrygia was assigned to Antigonus, and the Lesser

to Leonatus. The home provinces of Persia were allotted to Pencestes,

and the kingdom of Media to Python. Perdiccas received Babylonia and

retained as his lieutenants in the government Aristonous and Seleucus.

Thus was the world parceled out among the generals of the conqueror.

During all these important transactions the body of the great dead lay

unburied in Babylon. He had given directions that he should be interred

in the oasis of Armun, near the shrine of Zeus. At length Perdiccas

undertook to fulfill the injunction of his master. The body was embalmed

and preparations made for a grand pageant to the distant place of

burial. Two years, however, elapsed before the funeral was actually

completed; and then the plan was changed and Alexandria substituted for

the Libyan oasis as the place of sepulture. Nor could posterity complain

that the great city founded in his honor was selected as the final

resting-place of the son of Philip rather than the green spot in the

desert which superstition more than rational preference had suggested.

The first disturbance which demanded the attention of the Regent

Perdiccas was the revolt of the mercenary Greeks. These troops had been

placed as garrisons and colonies in the cities of northern and eastern

Media, and upon them was imposed the duty of maintaining those borders

of the Empire intact from the encroachments of barbarians. As soon,

however, as it was known that the king was dead, the Greeks, believing

themselves now free from restraint, revolted, and placing themselves

under a commander of their own began their march for Greece. Perdiccas

at once dispatched his lieutenant, Python, to suppress the insurrection

and turn back the insurgents to the places from which they had issued.

This officer, however, proved treacherous and formed a design of making

Media independent, but Perdiccas sent after him public orders to kill

all the Greeks and divide their property among the Macedonian soldiers.

The nature of the orders being known in the army, Python did not

disobey, and the bloody mandate was executed without mercy.

The next revolt was in the province of Cappadocia. The people of this

country, under the lead of their native king, Ariathes, bade defiance to

the rule of the Macedonians, and Perdiccas intrusted to Eurnenes the

task of reducing them to obedience. The character of these warlike

barbarians was well known to the Regent, and he accordingly ordered

Antigonus and Leonatus, governors of the two Phrygias, to assist in the

work of subjugation. Both, however, refused to obey the order, and

Perdiccas himself was obliged to march to the aid of his colleague.

Notwithstanding the valor of the Cappadocians, they were quickly

overthrown by the veteran Macedonian army, and the authority of Eumenes

reestablished on a firm basis.

Soon afterwards an insurrection broke out