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UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE ANCIENT WORLD.

would have been glad to accept so vast an empire at the hand of a

vanquished foe. But the son of Philip would be all or nothing. When the

proposal was, according to his manner in such matters, laid before a

council of his generals, the sage Parmenio, when asked for his opinion,

replied: "If I were Alexander I would accept the terms." "And I, too,"

said Alexander, "if I were Parmenio!" It was evident that the king of

Macedon had his eye fixed on the big game of the East, and that all

attempts either of friends or foes to divert him from his purpose would

prove in vain. A message so harsh as to be hardly in accordance with the

magnanimous temper which he had so many times displayed was prepared and

forwarded to Darius. The dispatch was couched in the following terms: "I

want no money from you, nor will I receive apart of the empire for the

whole; for Asia and all its treasures belong to me. If I wish to marry

your daughter I can do so without your consent. If you wish to obtain

any favor from me, come in person and ask for it." Here was an end of

controversy. Of a certainty Darius must yield and become a vassal, or

else take the field and lose it.

After the capture of Tyre, Alexander next turned his attention to Gaza.

This strongly fortified town, situated in the midst of vast sands, was

the only remaining obstacle between the conqueror and the gateway of

Egypt. It was a part of his general policy to leave behind him no

fortress occupied by an enemy. Gaza was garrisoned by a large force of

Arabians well provided with every thing which forethought could furnish

against the emergencies of a siege. The persistency of the Macedonians

in their investment and final capture of Tyre had forewarned Batis, the

governor of Gaza, of what he in his turn might expect. A gallant defense

was made, but the town was finally carried by assault. When the

Macedonians had scaled the ramparts the inhabitants with desperate

courage gathered in a group and fought till the last man was killed. The

town was sacked. The women and children were sold into slavery, and a

Macedonian colony was founded in the ruins of the city. The incident of

the siege was a severe wound received by Alexander, whose life thereby

was thought for the time to be endangered.

By the fall of Tyre and Gaza the whole of Phoenicia, Samaria, and Judaea

was given up to the conqueror. Having no longer any cause to fear

insurrections behind him he now pressed forward toward Egypt. Arriving

at Pelusium he demanded a surrender of the fortress, which was

immediately given into his possession. The Persian governor of Egypt was

next summoned to renounce his authority in favor of Alexander. Unable to

resist the demand and finding that the Egyptians, long burdened with the

oppressions of Persia, were in sympathy with the Macedonian, the satrap

yielded without striking a blow. Thus within a week and without the

shedding of blood was the sovereignty of the whole of Egypt transferred

to Alexander.

It rarely happens in a case of genius such as that possessed by the son

of Philip, that the exhaustless energies of the mind are able to be

appeased with a single line of activity. The really great warriors of

the world have generally been great statesmen. Alexander, Caesar,

Charlemagne, Napoleon-each like the other was but poorly satisfied-

perhaps not satisfied at all-with the bloody work of destroying his

fellowmen. In each case the ambition to bring order into the world, to

regulate, to civilize the nations, rose with a larger and brighter disk

than the mere ambition of war presented.

As soon as Egypt was fairly in his possession and the conquest thus

completed of all the countries west of the Euphrates, the Macedonian

hero began to excogitate such measures as seemed best adapted to promote

the interests of the peoples whom he had brought under his sway. One of

the first schemes produced by his fertile brain was a method by which

intercourse might be rendered easy and rapid between India and the

states of the West. A principal feature of the plans which now occupied

his mind was the establishment in Egypt of a great emporium of commerce.

He first by surveys familiarized himself with the valley of the Nile as

far south as Heliopolis. In the course of his examination of the

country, he availed himself of every means and opportunity to win the