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UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE ANCIENT WORLD.

Alexander was on his way thither, he was met at the town of Marathus by

ambassadors from Darius. These came to propose in the name of their

master that he and the Macedonian should become friends and allies, and

to request that the Persian princesses should be permitted to return to

Susa. At this time Alexander was emboldened by success, and also angered

at the treacherous relations recently unearthed between the Persian

court and the anti-Macedonians in Greece. He therefore answered with

much haughtiness. He accused the Persian monarch of having been privy to

the assassination of King Philip. He brought home the charge of having

intrigued with the Greeks to compass the downfall of Macedonia. He

recited various injuries done to himself and his country by the court of

Susa. He announced that he himself and not Darius was now monarch of

Asia, and that any further communications must be addressed to him, not

as king to king, but as vassal to lord. Finally, Darius was invited, if

he desired further intercourse, to come to Alexander in person, and in

that event he should be treated as a subject, but with proper

consideration. The conclusion of the Macedonian's message, addressed as

it was by a youth of twenty-three to the representative of Cyrus the

Great, is worthy to be repeated: "If you have any fears for your

personal safety, send some friends to receive my pledged faith. On

coming to me ask for your wife and children, and whatever else you may

wish, and receive them, for every reasonable request shall be granted.

Henceforth, if you have any communication to make, address me as the

King of Asia; and pretend not to treat with me on equal terms, but

petition me as the master of your fate. If not, I shall regard it as an

insult and take measures accordingly. If, however, you propose still to

dispute the sovereignty with me, do not fly, but stand your ground, as I

will march and attack you wherever you may be."

A memorable dispatch! Not worded after the manner of modern diplomacy,

but nevertheless intelligible. Perhaps the king of Persia was able to

understand it. As soon as these negotiations were ended, Alexander

pressed forward to Tyre. Before reaching the city he was met by a

deputation, headed by the son of the governor, who came to proffer the

allegiance of their city, but at the same time refused to permit the

conqueror to enter within their walls. The proposal was so little

satisfactory to the king that he demanded unconditional submission, and

in case of refusal threatened to storm the town. The Tyrians would not

comply, and Alexander at once proceeded to invest the city. Then

followed a memorable siege of seven months' duration, in which it were

difficult to say whether the besieged or the besiegers exhibited greater

heroism. Tyre was built on an island, at the distance of a half-mile

from the shore. Her seamen were the most expert and daring in the world.

Before the Macedonian could bring his engines to bear on the ramparts,

he must build a mole sufficiently broad to bear them, and extending from

the shore to the city. This done, and the battering rams being brought

into position, the Tyrians succeeded in burning them before they could

be made effective. Alexander now saw that he must meet the enemy on

their own element. He accordingly began to train a force of sailors, and

not until this work was accomplished did he find himself in a condition

to assault the city with fair prospects of success. At last, however, he

made the attack, and Tyre was taken by storm. The people who had so long

defied him now paid dearly for their obstinacy. The enraged Macedonian

soldiery was turned loose upon them, and eight thousand were put to the

sword. Besides this tremendous butchery, thirty thousand of the

inhabitants were sold into slavery.

Before the siege of Tyre was brought to a close a second embassy arrived

from Darius. This time the Great King made the trial of money as a means

of relaxing the temper of the Macedonian. He offered for the ransom of

his family and as the basis of peace and friendship a sum equivalent to

ten millions of dollars. As a further inducement he proposed to give his

daughter in marriage and to cede to Alexander all the country in Asia

west of the Euphrates. It must be confessed that the offer was highly

flattering, and most warriors