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MACEDONIA-ALEXANDER THE GREAT.

But the vigilant Parmemio caught the messenger and sent him to

Alexander, to whom he confessed the whole treasonable business. The

other Alexander was at that time serving as an officer in Parmenio's

army. He was at once seized and imprisoned, and the whole scheme ended

in a miserable abortion.

Alexander then resumed his march eastward along the sea-coast. It was in

this part of his course that the first of many omens was noticed by the

army, and ascribed to the will and favor of the gods. At a certain part

of the Pamphylian coast one of the spurs of the Taurus juts into the sea

so as to prevent a passage along the beach. The king's progress was thus

suddenly hindered; but as he approached the obstacle the wind, which had

for many days blown from the south and driven the surf high against the

rocks, turned about as if by magic, and, blowing from the north, carried

the tide far down the beach, leaving a broad space of sand exposed, over

which the army passed in safety. Thus for the son of Philip was

established the precedent of the favor of the ruling deities-a

circumstance of which the king was by no means too modest to avail

himself. It became a part of his policy to encourage the belief that he

was under the guidance and protection of heaven.

In the hilly country, on the eastern confines of Lycia, dwelt the

barbarous tribe of Marmarians. They were a race of robbers. Not daring

to oppose the progress of the Macedonians, they waited until the army

had passed by, and then falling upon the baggage and cattle-train,

succeeded in securing a large amount of booty. With this they fled to

Marmara, their principal town, a place almost impregnable from the

nature of the surroundings. But Alexander quickly turned about, pursued

the robbers to their den, brought up his engines, and began to batter

the walls. The barbarians, seeing that they were ginned in their own

trap, held a council, and adopted the horrible expedient of murdering

their women and children, burning the town, and escaping who could

through the Macedonian lines. A great feast was accordingly made, and

after all had well eaten the work of destruction began. Human nature

revolted, however, in the midst of the massacre, and six hundred of the

young men of the tribe refused to be the butchers of their mothers and

sisters. But the town was fired, and the rest of the program was carried

out to the extent that most of the robbers broke through and escaped to

the hills. Their experience had been sufficient to take away all desire

of further depredations.

The next point toward which the expedition was directed was the town of

Perga, in Pamphylia. Here there was no disposition on the part of the

authorities to resist or even resent the coming of Alexander. While

marching thither the king was met by ambassadors from the city of

Aspendus, who came to tender their submission and to obtain favorable

terms of peace. The Macedonian met them in his usual temper of

moderation. He conceded to them the conduct of their own affairs. No

garrison should be established in their city. The annual tribute-payable

in horses-hitherto assessed by the king of Persia, should now be sent to

Alexander. In addition to this a contribution of fifty talents should be

made by the city. On these conditions the people of Aspendus should in

no wise be disturbed. The terms were readily agreed to by the

commissioners; but on their return home there had been a revulsion among

the citizens, and the whole settlement was rejected. The king was thus

obliged, as soon as Perga and Sida had made their submission, to set out

against Aspendus. The city was at once invested, and the inhabitants

soon came to their senses. They now desired to capitulate on the

conditions previously offered, but the Macedonian was not so easy a

master. He exacted double the amount of the contribution which he had

first named, assessed a yearly tribute, and compelled the Aspendians to

accept a governor to be named by himself.

No people of the West received the news of Alexander's successes with so

much displeasure as did the Lacedaemonians. They alone had stood aloof

from the confederacy of which Alexander was generalissimo. They alone

had not been remembered, or